A robust and easy-to-use tool for the ex vivo dynamic evaluation of pancreatic islet (PI) function is essential for further development of novel cell-based therapeutic approaches to treating diabetes. Here, we developed four different glucose perifusion protocols (GPPs) in a microfluidic perifusion system (MPS), based entirely on commercially available components. After validation, the GPPs were used to evaluate C-peptide secretion profiles of PIs derived from different donors (healthy, obese, and type 2 diabetic) and from human liver stem-cell-derived islet-like structures (HLSC-ILS). Using this device, we demonstrated that PIs derived from healthy donors displayed a physiological C-peptide secretion profile as characterized by the response to (a) different glucose concentrations, (b) consecutive pulses of high-glucose concentrations, (c) a glucose threshold ranging from 5-8 mM, and (d) a constant high-glucose perifusion in a biphasic manner. Moreover, we were able to detect a dysregulated secretion profile in PIs derived from both obese and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) donors. Finally, we also evaluated the kinetic secretion profiles of HLSC-ILS, demonstrating that, nonetheless, with a lower amplitude of secretion compared to PI derived from healthy donors, they were already glucose-responsive on day seven post-differentiation. In conclusion, we have provided evidence that our MPS is a versatile device and may represent a valuable tool to study insulin-producing cells in vitro.

A Versatile Model of Microfluidic Perifusion System for the Evaluation of C-Peptide Secretion Profiles: Comparison Between Human Pancreatic Islets and HLSC-Derived Islet-Like Structures

Gomez Y;Tetta C;Camussi G;Brizzi MF.
2020

Abstract

A robust and easy-to-use tool for the ex vivo dynamic evaluation of pancreatic islet (PI) function is essential for further development of novel cell-based therapeutic approaches to treating diabetes. Here, we developed four different glucose perifusion protocols (GPPs) in a microfluidic perifusion system (MPS), based entirely on commercially available components. After validation, the GPPs were used to evaluate C-peptide secretion profiles of PIs derived from different donors (healthy, obese, and type 2 diabetic) and from human liver stem-cell-derived islet-like structures (HLSC-ILS). Using this device, we demonstrated that PIs derived from healthy donors displayed a physiological C-peptide secretion profile as characterized by the response to (a) different glucose concentrations, (b) consecutive pulses of high-glucose concentrations, (c) a glucose threshold ranging from 5-8 mM, and (d) a constant high-glucose perifusion in a biphasic manner. Moreover, we were able to detect a dysregulated secretion profile in PIs derived from both obese and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) donors. Finally, we also evaluated the kinetic secretion profiles of HLSC-ILS, demonstrating that, nonetheless, with a lower amplitude of secretion compared to PI derived from healthy donors, they were already glucose-responsive on day seven post-differentiation. In conclusion, we have provided evidence that our MPS is a versatile device and may represent a valuable tool to study insulin-producing cells in vitro.
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Gomez Y, Navarro-Tableros V, Tetta C, Camussi G, Brizzi MF
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1748484
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