Background and Purpose: There are no medications currently available to treat metabolic inflammation. Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) is highly expressed in monocytes and macrophages and regulates NF-κB and NLRP3 inflammasome activity; both propagate metabolic inflammation in diet-induced obesity. Experimental Approach: Using an in vivo model of chronic inflammation, high-fat diet (HFD) feeding, in male C57BL/6J mice and in vitro assays in primary murine and human macrophages, we investigated if ibrutinib, an FDA approved BTK inhibitor, may represent a novel anti-inflammatory medication to treat metabolic inflammation. Key Results: HFD-feeding was associated with increased BTK expression and activation, which was significantly correlated with monocyte/macrophage accumulation in the liver, adipose tissue, and kidney. Ibrutinib treatment to HFD-fed mice inhibited the activation of BTK and reduced monocyte/macrophage recruitment to the liver, adipose tissue, and kidney. Ibrutinib treatment to HFD-fed mice decreased the activation of NF-κB and the NLRP3 inflammasome. As a result, ibrutinib treated mice fed HFD had improved glycaemic control through restored signalling by the IRS-1/Akt/GSK-3β pathway, protecting mice against the development of hepatosteatosis and proteinuria. We show that BTK regulates NF-κB and the NLRP3 inflammasome specifically in primary murine and human macrophages, the in vivo cellular target of ibrutinib. Conclusion and Implications: We provide “proof of concept” evidence that BTK is a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of diet-induced metabolic inflammation and ibrutinib may be a candidate for drug repurposing as an anti-inflammatory agent for the treatment of metabolic inflammation in T2D and microvascular disease.

Inhibition of Bruton's TK regulates macrophage NF-κB and NLRP3 inflammasome activation in metabolic inflammation

Collino M.;Chiazza F.;Collotta D.;Verta R.;
2020

Abstract

Background and Purpose: There are no medications currently available to treat metabolic inflammation. Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) is highly expressed in monocytes and macrophages and regulates NF-κB and NLRP3 inflammasome activity; both propagate metabolic inflammation in diet-induced obesity. Experimental Approach: Using an in vivo model of chronic inflammation, high-fat diet (HFD) feeding, in male C57BL/6J mice and in vitro assays in primary murine and human macrophages, we investigated if ibrutinib, an FDA approved BTK inhibitor, may represent a novel anti-inflammatory medication to treat metabolic inflammation. Key Results: HFD-feeding was associated with increased BTK expression and activation, which was significantly correlated with monocyte/macrophage accumulation in the liver, adipose tissue, and kidney. Ibrutinib treatment to HFD-fed mice inhibited the activation of BTK and reduced monocyte/macrophage recruitment to the liver, adipose tissue, and kidney. Ibrutinib treatment to HFD-fed mice decreased the activation of NF-κB and the NLRP3 inflammasome. As a result, ibrutinib treated mice fed HFD had improved glycaemic control through restored signalling by the IRS-1/Akt/GSK-3β pathway, protecting mice against the development of hepatosteatosis and proteinuria. We show that BTK regulates NF-κB and the NLRP3 inflammasome specifically in primary murine and human macrophages, the in vivo cellular target of ibrutinib. Conclusion and Implications: We provide “proof of concept” evidence that BTK is a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of diet-induced metabolic inflammation and ibrutinib may be a candidate for drug repurposing as an anti-inflammatory agent for the treatment of metabolic inflammation in T2D and microvascular disease.
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Bruton's tyrosine kinase; diabetes; drug repurposing; macrophage; metabolic inflammation; NF-kB; NLRP3
Purvis G.S.D.; Collino M.; Aranda-Tavio H.; Chiazza F.; O'Riordan C.E.; Zeboudj L.; Mohammad S.; Collotta D.; Verta R.; Guisot N.E.S.; Bunyard P.; Yaqoob M.M.; Greaves D.R.; Thiemermann C.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1758977
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