GABA (γ-aminobutyric acid) production has been widely described as an adaptive response to abiotic stress, allowing bacteria to survive in harsh environments. This work aimed to clarify and understand the relationship between GABA production and bacterial growth conditions, with particu-lar reference to osmolarity. For this purpose, Lactococcus lactis NCDO 2118, a GABA-producing strain, was grown in glucose-supplemented chemically defined medium containing 34 mM L-glutamic acid, and different concentrations of salts (chloride, sulfate or phosphate ions) or polyols (sorbitol, glycerol). Unexpectedly, our data demonstrated that GABA production was not directly related to osmolarity. Chloride ions were the most significant factor influencing GABA yield in response to acidic stress while sulfate ions did not enhance GABA production. We demonstrated that the addition of chloride ions increased the glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) synthesis and the expression of the gadBC genes. Finally, under fed-batch conditions in a complex medium supplemented with 0.3 M NaCl and after a pH shift to 4.6, L. lactis NCDO 2118 was able to produce up to 413 mM GABA from 441 mM L-glutamic acid after only 56 h of culture, revealing the potential of L. lactis strains for intensive production of this bioactive molecule.

Environmental conditions affecting gaba production in Lactococcus lactis ncdo 2118

Mazzoli R.;Pessione E.;
2021

Abstract

GABA (γ-aminobutyric acid) production has been widely described as an adaptive response to abiotic stress, allowing bacteria to survive in harsh environments. This work aimed to clarify and understand the relationship between GABA production and bacterial growth conditions, with particu-lar reference to osmolarity. For this purpose, Lactococcus lactis NCDO 2118, a GABA-producing strain, was grown in glucose-supplemented chemically defined medium containing 34 mM L-glutamic acid, and different concentrations of salts (chloride, sulfate or phosphate ions) or polyols (sorbitol, glycerol). Unexpectedly, our data demonstrated that GABA production was not directly related to osmolarity. Chloride ions were the most significant factor influencing GABA yield in response to acidic stress while sulfate ions did not enhance GABA production. We demonstrated that the addition of chloride ions increased the glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) synthesis and the expression of the gadBC genes. Finally, under fed-batch conditions in a complex medium supplemented with 0.3 M NaCl and after a pH shift to 4.6, L. lactis NCDO 2118 was able to produce up to 413 mM GABA from 441 mM L-glutamic acid after only 56 h of culture, revealing the potential of L. lactis strains for intensive production of this bioactive molecule.
MICROORGANISMS
9
1
1
12
Chloride; Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA); Nutraceuticals; Osmotic stress; Polyols; Salts
Laroute V.; Mazzoli R.; Loubiere P.; Pessione E.; Cocaign-Bousquet M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1768989
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