Orbitopathy is the main extra thyroidal manifestation of Graves' disease. It is a very challenging condition, which requires a cooperation between many specialists (endocrinologists, ophthalmologists, radiologists, radiotherapeutic, orbital surgeons) for an optimal clinical management. An accurate diagnostic assessment is required, in order to plan an adequate treatment of Graves' orbitopathy. Medical therapy, radiotherapy or surgery may be necessary to control the disease. In this review, the authors analyze the various therapeutic strategies, as well the more recent therapies based on pharmacologic immunomodulation.

Graves' orbitopathy: a multidisciplinary approach

Limone, Paolo P
First
;
Ruo Redda, Maria G;Macera, Annalisa;
2021

Abstract

Orbitopathy is the main extra thyroidal manifestation of Graves' disease. It is a very challenging condition, which requires a cooperation between many specialists (endocrinologists, ophthalmologists, radiologists, radiotherapeutic, orbital surgeons) for an optimal clinical management. An accurate diagnostic assessment is required, in order to plan an adequate treatment of Graves' orbitopathy. Medical therapy, radiotherapy or surgery may be necessary to control the disease. In this review, the authors analyze the various therapeutic strategies, as well the more recent therapies based on pharmacologic immunomodulation.
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Limone, Paolo P; Mellano, Marco; Ruo Redda, Maria G; Macera, Annalisa; Ferrero, Vittorio; Sellari Franceschini, Stefano; Deandrea, Maurilio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1786782
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