Recently, biostimulants have been used in sustainable agriculture as priming agents able to increase crop tolerance to abiotic stressors. Here, a soil application of GHI_16_VHL, a plant protein hydrolysate-based biostimulant, was tested for its capability to mitigate severe water stress effects on Capsicum annuum at flowering time. The biostimulant influence on plant physiological status was monitored upon stress and its relief, by measuring chlorophyll levels, stomatal density, stem water potential, leaf gas exchanges and plant growth. Moreover, leaf osmoregulation and oxidative stress levels were also evaluated by quantifying free proline, total non-structural carbohydrates (NSC), ROS-scavenging activity and H2O2 level. Although biostimulant-primed plants showed a quicker decrease of stem water potential with respect to untreated plants upon drought imposition, they recovered faster probably due to the higher leaf osmolyte accumulation, namely NSC during drought. Moreover, leaf gas exchange recovery was prompted in biostimulant-treated plants, which showed an incremented stomatal density and the same chlorophyll level of well-watered plants at the end of the recovery phase. Hydrogen peroxide level was significantly lower during stress and early recovery in biostimulant primed plants, probably due to the higher catalase activity in treated plants before drought or to the higher level of non-enzymatic antioxidant scavengers in primed stressed plants. Finally, the biostimulant priming increased aboveground relative growth rate and final fruit yield of stressed plants. Taken together, our data suggest that the biostimulant priming treatment promotes a faster and more efficient plant recovery after drought.

A new protein hydrolysate-based biostimulant applied by fertigation promotes relief from drought stress in Capsicum annuum L

Agliassa C.
First
;
Mannino G.;Cavalletto S.;Contartese V.;Bertea C. M.
Co-last
;
Secchi F.
Co-last
2021-01-01

Abstract

Recently, biostimulants have been used in sustainable agriculture as priming agents able to increase crop tolerance to abiotic stressors. Here, a soil application of GHI_16_VHL, a plant protein hydrolysate-based biostimulant, was tested for its capability to mitigate severe water stress effects on Capsicum annuum at flowering time. The biostimulant influence on plant physiological status was monitored upon stress and its relief, by measuring chlorophyll levels, stomatal density, stem water potential, leaf gas exchanges and plant growth. Moreover, leaf osmoregulation and oxidative stress levels were also evaluated by quantifying free proline, total non-structural carbohydrates (NSC), ROS-scavenging activity and H2O2 level. Although biostimulant-primed plants showed a quicker decrease of stem water potential with respect to untreated plants upon drought imposition, they recovered faster probably due to the higher leaf osmolyte accumulation, namely NSC during drought. Moreover, leaf gas exchange recovery was prompted in biostimulant-treated plants, which showed an incremented stomatal density and the same chlorophyll level of well-watered plants at the end of the recovery phase. Hydrogen peroxide level was significantly lower during stress and early recovery in biostimulant primed plants, probably due to the higher catalase activity in treated plants before drought or to the higher level of non-enzymatic antioxidant scavengers in primed stressed plants. Finally, the biostimulant priming increased aboveground relative growth rate and final fruit yield of stressed plants. Taken together, our data suggest that the biostimulant priming treatment promotes a faster and more efficient plant recovery after drought.
2021
166
1076
1086
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0981942821003831
Antioxidant activity; Drought; Leaf gas exchange; Osmolytes; Plant hydrolysate-based biostimulant; Recovery; Sweet pepper
Agliassa C.; Mannino G.; Molino D.; Cavalletto S.; Contartese V.; Bertea C.M.; Secchi F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1799684
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