Adult honey bees (Apis mellifera) usually maintain colony brood rearing temperature between 34-35°C by thermoregulation. The brood may, however, also be subjected to suboptimal temperature. Here weinvestigated whether a decrease of brood rearing temperature mayhave effects on larval mortality, adult emergence, longevity, morphology and susceptibility to poisoning by pesticides (dimethoate).Using the in vitrorearing protocol of Aupinel (2005), we were able for the first time to control the brood temperature not only during the pupalstage but also during the larval stage. Honey bee larvae were reared in vitroat 35°C (optimal) and 33°C (suboptimal) from 12 h after hatching for 15 days. Dimethoate was tested by ingestion either on 4-day old larvae or on 7-day old adults. Our results showed that lower rearing temperature had no significant effects on larval mortality and adult emergence, but adult bee mortality was strongly affected. Moreover, adult workers emerging at 33°C were significantly more susceptible to dimethoate. Larval LD50 (48 h) was, however, 28 times higher at33°C than at 35°C. The striking differences between larvae and adults may beexplained by differential larval metabolism at 33°C and resulting slower active ingredient absorption. We conclude that adult honey bees reared at even slightly suboptimal brood temperature may be more susceptible to pesticide poisoning and be characterised by reduced longevity. Thus, low temperature brood rearing could be another stress factor for colonies.

Influence of brood rearing temperature on honey bee development and susceptibility to poisoning by pesticides

Simone Tosi;
2010-01-01

Abstract

Adult honey bees (Apis mellifera) usually maintain colony brood rearing temperature between 34-35°C by thermoregulation. The brood may, however, also be subjected to suboptimal temperature. Here weinvestigated whether a decrease of brood rearing temperature mayhave effects on larval mortality, adult emergence, longevity, morphology and susceptibility to poisoning by pesticides (dimethoate).Using the in vitrorearing protocol of Aupinel (2005), we were able for the first time to control the brood temperature not only during the pupalstage but also during the larval stage. Honey bee larvae were reared in vitroat 35°C (optimal) and 33°C (suboptimal) from 12 h after hatching for 15 days. Dimethoate was tested by ingestion either on 4-day old larvae or on 7-day old adults. Our results showed that lower rearing temperature had no significant effects on larval mortality and adult emergence, but adult bee mortality was strongly affected. Moreover, adult workers emerging at 33°C were significantly more susceptible to dimethoate. Larval LD50 (48 h) was, however, 28 times higher at33°C than at 35°C. The striking differences between larvae and adults may beexplained by differential larval metabolism at 33°C and resulting slower active ingredient absorption. We conclude that adult honey bees reared at even slightly suboptimal brood temperature may be more susceptible to pesticide poisoning and be characterised by reduced longevity. Thus, low temperature brood rearing could be another stress factor for colonies.
2010
49
52
59
APIS MELLIFERA; PESTICIDES; TEMPERATURE
Piotr Medrzycki; Fabio Sgolastra; Laura Bortolotti; Gherardo Bogo; Simone Tosi; Erica Padovani; Claudio Porrini; Anna Gloria Sabatini
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1800590
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