Bariatric surgery (BS) is an effective treatment for morbid obesity. However, a simple and easy-to-use tool for the prediction of BS unsuccess is still lacking. Baseline and follow-up data from 300 consecutive patients who underwent BS were retrospectively collected. Supervised regression and machine-learning techniques were used for model development, in which BS unsuccess at 2 years was defined as a percentage of excess-weight-loss (%EWL) < 50%. Model performances were also assessed considering the percentage of total-weight-loss (%TWL) as the reference parameter. Two scoring systems (NAG-score and ENAG-score) were developed. NAG-score, comprising only pre-surgical data, was structured on a 4.5-point-scale (2 points for neck circumference ≥ 44 cm, 1.5 for age ≥ 50 years, and 1 for fasting glucose ≥ 118 mg/dL). ENAG-score, including also early post-operative data, was structured on a 7-point-scale (3 points for %EWL at 6 months ≤ 45%, 1.5 for neck circumference ≥ 44 cm, 1 for age ≥ 50 years, and 1.5 for fasting glucose ≥ 118 mg/dL). A 3-class-clustering was proposed for clinical application. In conclusion, our study proposed two scoring systems for pre-surgical and early post-surgical prediction of 2-year BS weight-loss, which may be useful to guide the pre-operative assessment, the appropriate balance of patients' expectations, and the post-operative care.

Development and validation of a scoring system for pre-surgical and early post-surgical prediction of bariatric surgery unsuccess at 2 years

Bioletto, Fabio;Pellegrini, Marianna;D'Eusebio, Chiara;Rahimi, Farnaz;De Francesco, Antonella;Arolfo, Simone;Toppino, Mauro;Morino, Mario;Ghigo, Ezio;Bo, Simona
2021

Abstract

Bariatric surgery (BS) is an effective treatment for morbid obesity. However, a simple and easy-to-use tool for the prediction of BS unsuccess is still lacking. Baseline and follow-up data from 300 consecutive patients who underwent BS were retrospectively collected. Supervised regression and machine-learning techniques were used for model development, in which BS unsuccess at 2 years was defined as a percentage of excess-weight-loss (%EWL) < 50%. Model performances were also assessed considering the percentage of total-weight-loss (%TWL) as the reference parameter. Two scoring systems (NAG-score and ENAG-score) were developed. NAG-score, comprising only pre-surgical data, was structured on a 4.5-point-scale (2 points for neck circumference ≥ 44 cm, 1.5 for age ≥ 50 years, and 1 for fasting glucose ≥ 118 mg/dL). ENAG-score, including also early post-operative data, was structured on a 7-point-scale (3 points for %EWL at 6 months ≤ 45%, 1.5 for neck circumference ≥ 44 cm, 1 for age ≥ 50 years, and 1.5 for fasting glucose ≥ 118 mg/dL). A 3-class-clustering was proposed for clinical application. In conclusion, our study proposed two scoring systems for pre-surgical and early post-surgical prediction of 2-year BS weight-loss, which may be useful to guide the pre-operative assessment, the appropriate balance of patients' expectations, and the post-operative care.
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Bioletto, Fabio; Pellegrini, Marianna; D'Eusebio, Chiara; Boschetti, Stefano; Rahimi, Farnaz; De Francesco, Antonella; Arolfo, Simone; Toppino, Mauro; Morino, Mario; Ghigo, Ezio; Bo, Simona
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1816056
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