Melanoma is an aggressive skin cancer, whose incidence rates have increased over the past few decades. Risk factors for melanoma are both intrinsic (genetic and familiar predisposition) and extrinsic (environment, including sun exposure, and lifestyle). The recent advent of targeted and immune-based therapies has revolutionized the treatment of melanoma, and research is focusing on strategies to optimize them. Obesity is an established risk factor for several cancer types, but its possible role in the etiology of melanoma is controversial. Body mass index, body surface area, and height have been related to the risk for cutaneous melanoma, although an ‘obesity paradox’ has been described too. Increasing evidence suggests the role of nutritional factors in the prevention and management of melanoma. Several studies have demonstrated the impact of dietary attitudes, specific foods, and nutrients both on the risk for melanoma and on the progression of the disease, via the effects on the oncological treatments. The aim of this narrative review was to summarize the main literature results regarding the preventive and therapeutic role of nutritional schemes, specific foods, and nutrients on melanoma incidence and progression.

Nutritional interventions for patients with melanoma: From prevention to therapy—an update

Pellegrini M.;D'eusebio C.;Ponzo V.;Tonella L.;Finocchiaro C.;Fierro M. T.;Quaglino P.;Bo S.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Melanoma is an aggressive skin cancer, whose incidence rates have increased over the past few decades. Risk factors for melanoma are both intrinsic (genetic and familiar predisposition) and extrinsic (environment, including sun exposure, and lifestyle). The recent advent of targeted and immune-based therapies has revolutionized the treatment of melanoma, and research is focusing on strategies to optimize them. Obesity is an established risk factor for several cancer types, but its possible role in the etiology of melanoma is controversial. Body mass index, body surface area, and height have been related to the risk for cutaneous melanoma, although an ‘obesity paradox’ has been described too. Increasing evidence suggests the role of nutritional factors in the prevention and management of melanoma. Several studies have demonstrated the impact of dietary attitudes, specific foods, and nutrients both on the risk for melanoma and on the progression of the disease, via the effects on the oncological treatments. The aim of this narrative review was to summarize the main literature results regarding the preventive and therapeutic role of nutritional schemes, specific foods, and nutrients on melanoma incidence and progression.
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Diet; Melanoma; Nutrition; Obesity; Body Mass Index; Causality; Databases, Factual; Diet; Food; Humans; Incidence; Life Style; Melanoma; Nutrients; Obesity; Risk Factors; Skin; Skin Neoplasms; Vitamins; Nutrition Assessment
Pellegrini M.; D'eusebio C.; Ponzo V.; Tonella L.; Finocchiaro C.; Fierro M.T.; Quaglino P.; Bo S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1830960
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