More and more attention is nowadays given to the possible translational application of a great number of biochemical and biological findings with the involved molecules. This is also the case of cholesterol oxidation products, redox molecules over the last years deeply investigated for their implication in human pathophysiology. Oxysterols of non-enzymatic origin, the excessive increase of which in biological fluids and tissues is of toxicological relevance for their marked pro-oxidant and pro-inflammatory properties, are increasingly applied in clinical biochemistry as molecular markers in the diagnosis and monitoring of several human and veterinary diseases. Conversely, oxysterols of enzymatic origin, the production of which is commonly under physiological regulation, could be considered and tested as promising pharmaceutical agents because of their antiviral, pro-osteogenic and antiadipogenic properties of some of them. Very recently, the quantification of oxysterols of non-enzymatic origin has been adopted in a systematic way to evaluate, monitor and improve the quality of cholesterol-based food ingredients, that are prone to auto-oxidation, as well as their industrial processing and the packaging and the shelf life of the finished food products. The growing translational value of oxysterols is here reviewed in its present and upcoming applications in various industrial fields.

Oxysterols: From redox bench to industry

Poli G.
First
;
Biasi F.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

More and more attention is nowadays given to the possible translational application of a great number of biochemical and biological findings with the involved molecules. This is also the case of cholesterol oxidation products, redox molecules over the last years deeply investigated for their implication in human pathophysiology. Oxysterols of non-enzymatic origin, the excessive increase of which in biological fluids and tissues is of toxicological relevance for their marked pro-oxidant and pro-inflammatory properties, are increasingly applied in clinical biochemistry as molecular markers in the diagnosis and monitoring of several human and veterinary diseases. Conversely, oxysterols of enzymatic origin, the production of which is commonly under physiological regulation, could be considered and tested as promising pharmaceutical agents because of their antiviral, pro-osteogenic and antiadipogenic properties of some of them. Very recently, the quantification of oxysterols of non-enzymatic origin has been adopted in a systematic way to evaluate, monitor and improve the quality of cholesterol-based food ingredients, that are prone to auto-oxidation, as well as their industrial processing and the packaging and the shelf life of the finished food products. The growing translational value of oxysterols is here reviewed in its present and upcoming applications in various industrial fields.
2022
49
102220
1
15
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.redox.2021.102220
7-ketocholesterol; 7β-hydroxycholesterol; Cholesterol oxidation products; Enzymatic oxysterols; Non-enzymatic oxysterols; Redox markers
Poli G.; Leoni V.; Biasi F.; Canzoneri F.; Risso D.; Menta R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1831375
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