Polymethine dyes (PMD) have proved to be excellent candidates in the biomedical field for potential applications in both diagnostic and therapeutic. However, PMD application in biomedicine is hindered by their poor solubility and stability in physiological conditions. Therefore, the incorporation of these dyes in nanosystems could be important to prevent the formation of dye aggregates in aqueous environment and to protect their photophysical characteristics. In the present work, two PMD based on the benzoindolenine ring (bromine benzo-cyanine-C4 and bromine benzo-squaraine-C4) were incorporated into Solid Lipid Nanoparticles (SLN) to solubilize and stabilize them in aqueous solutions. Obtained SLN showed a high incorporation efficiency for both PMD (≈90%) and not only preserved their spectroscopic properties in the NIR region even under physiological conditions but also improved them. Viability assays showed good biocompatibility of both empty and loaded nanocarriers while the cellular uptake and intracellular localization showed the effective internalization in MCF-7 cells, with a partial mitochondrial localization for CY-SLN. Moreover, in vitro phototoxicity assay showed that cyanine loaded-SLN (CY-SLN) is more photoactive than the free dye.

Polymethine dyes-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) as promising photosensitizers for biomedical applications

Chinigo' G.;Gilardino A.;Barbero N.;Barolo C.;Fiorio Pla A.;Visentin S.
2022

Abstract

Polymethine dyes (PMD) have proved to be excellent candidates in the biomedical field for potential applications in both diagnostic and therapeutic. However, PMD application in biomedicine is hindered by their poor solubility and stability in physiological conditions. Therefore, the incorporation of these dyes in nanosystems could be important to prevent the formation of dye aggregates in aqueous environment and to protect their photophysical characteristics. In the present work, two PMD based on the benzoindolenine ring (bromine benzo-cyanine-C4 and bromine benzo-squaraine-C4) were incorporated into Solid Lipid Nanoparticles (SLN) to solubilize and stabilize them in aqueous solutions. Obtained SLN showed a high incorporation efficiency for both PMD (≈90%) and not only preserved their spectroscopic properties in the NIR region even under physiological conditions but also improved them. Viability assays showed good biocompatibility of both empty and loaded nanocarriers while the cellular uptake and intracellular localization showed the effective internalization in MCF-7 cells, with a partial mitochondrial localization for CY-SLN. Moreover, in vitro phototoxicity assay showed that cyanine loaded-SLN (CY-SLN) is more photoactive than the free dye.
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120920
Nanocarrier; Optical imaging; Photodynamic activity; Polymethine dyes; SLN; Solubility; Coloring Agents; Drug Carriers; Indoles; Lipids; Liposomes; Particle Size; Nanoparticles; Photosensitizing Agents
Chinigo' G.; Gonzalez-Paredes A.; Gilardino A.; Barbero N.; Barolo C.; Gasco P.; Fiorio Pla A.; Visentin S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1843792
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