Pediatric neuroblastoma is responsible for approximately 8-10% of pediatric tumors, and it is one of the leading causes of tumor-related deaths in children. Although significant progress has been made in the characterization of neuroblastoma in recent years, the mechanisms influencing the prognosis of neuroblastoma patients remain largely unknown. Our aim was to investigate if the major neuroendocrine-associated transcriptional drivers, including ASCL1, NEUROD1, DLL3, NOTCH1, INSM1, MYCL1, POU2F3 and YAP1 are correlated with specific clinical and pathological characteristics. We selected a retrospective series of 46 primary pediatric neuroblastoma, composed of 30 treatment-naive and 16 post-chemotherapy cases. Gene expression levels were explored by means of quantitative real-time PCR. An increased expression of NOTCH1 (p = 0.005), NEUROD1 (p = 0.0059), and YAP1 (p = 0.0008) was found in stage IV tumors, while the highest levels of MYCL1 and ASCL1 were seen in stages IVS and III, respectively (p = 0.0182 and p = 0.0134). A higher level of NOTCH1 (p = 0.0079) and YAP1 (p = 0.0026) was found in cases with differentiating morphology, while high mitosis-karyorrhexis index cases demonstrated significantly lower levels of POU2F3 (p = 0.0277). High expression of NOTCH1 (p = 0.008), NEUROD1 (p = 0.026), INSM1 (p = 0.010), and YAP1 (p = 0.005) together with stage IV (p = 0.043) was associated with shorter disease-free survival. In summary, our data indicate that the assessment of gene expression levels of neuroendocrine-lineage transcription factors might help to identify neuroblastoma patients with the risk of relapse.

Overexpression of INSM1, NOTCH1, NEUROD1, and YAP1 genes is associated with adverse clinical outcome in pediatric neuroblastoma

Metovic, Jasna
Co-first
;
Napoli, Francesca
Co-first
;
Osella-Abate, Simona;Bertero, Luca;Tampieri, Cristian;Orlando, Giulia;Carli, Diana;Fagioli, Franca;Volante, Marco
;
Papotti, Mauro
Last
2022-01-01

Abstract

Pediatric neuroblastoma is responsible for approximately 8-10% of pediatric tumors, and it is one of the leading causes of tumor-related deaths in children. Although significant progress has been made in the characterization of neuroblastoma in recent years, the mechanisms influencing the prognosis of neuroblastoma patients remain largely unknown. Our aim was to investigate if the major neuroendocrine-associated transcriptional drivers, including ASCL1, NEUROD1, DLL3, NOTCH1, INSM1, MYCL1, POU2F3 and YAP1 are correlated with specific clinical and pathological characteristics. We selected a retrospective series of 46 primary pediatric neuroblastoma, composed of 30 treatment-naive and 16 post-chemotherapy cases. Gene expression levels were explored by means of quantitative real-time PCR. An increased expression of NOTCH1 (p = 0.005), NEUROD1 (p = 0.0059), and YAP1 (p = 0.0008) was found in stage IV tumors, while the highest levels of MYCL1 and ASCL1 were seen in stages IVS and III, respectively (p = 0.0182 and p = 0.0134). A higher level of NOTCH1 (p = 0.0079) and YAP1 (p = 0.0026) was found in cases with differentiating morphology, while high mitosis-karyorrhexis index cases demonstrated significantly lower levels of POU2F3 (p = 0.0277). High expression of NOTCH1 (p = 0.008), NEUROD1 (p = 0.026), INSM1 (p = 0.010), and YAP1 (p = 0.005) together with stage IV (p = 0.043) was associated with shorter disease-free survival. In summary, our data indicate that the assessment of gene expression levels of neuroendocrine-lineage transcription factors might help to identify neuroblastoma patients with the risk of relapse.
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Gene expression profile; INSM1; NEUROD1; NOTCH1; Neuroblastoma; Outcome; YAP1
Metovic, Jasna; Napoli, Francesca; Osella-Abate, Simona; Bertero, Luca; Tampieri, Cristian; Orlando, Giulia; Bianchi, Maurizio; Carli, Diana; Fagioli, Franca; Volante, Marco; Papotti, Mauro
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1880580
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