Background: Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) is increasingly adopted for the treatment of localized renal tumors; however, rates and predictors of significant renal function (RF) loss after RAPN are still poorly investigated, especially at a long-term evaluation.Objective: To analyze the predictive factors and develop a clinical nomogram for predicting the likelihood of ultimate RF loss after RAPN.Design, setting, and participants: We prospectively evaluated all patients treated with RAPN in a multicenter series (RECORd2 project).Outcome measurements and statistical analysis: Significant RF loss was defined as >25% reduction in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) from preoperative assessment at 48th month follow-up after surgery. Uni- and multivariable logistic regression analyses for RF loss were performed. The area under the receiving operator characteristic curve (AUC) was used to quantify predictive discrimination. A nomogram was created from the multivariable model.Results and limitations: A total of 981 patients were included. The median age at surgery was 64.2 (interquartile range [IQR] 54.3 square 71.4) yr, and 62.4% of patients were male. The median Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) was 1 (IQR 0 square 2), 12.9% of patients suffered from diabetes mellitus, and 18.6% of patients showed peripheral vascular disease (PVD). The median Preoperative Aspects and Dimensions Used for an Anatomical (PADUA) score was 7 (IQR 7 square 9). Imperative indications to partial nephrectomy were present in 3.6% of patients. Significant RF loss at 48th month postoperative evaluation was registered in 108 (11%) patients. At multivariable analysis, age (p = 0.04), female gender (p < 0.0001), CCI (p < 0.0001), CCI (p < 0.0001), diabetes (p < 0.0001), PVD (p < 0.0001), eGFR (p = 0.02), imperative (p = 0.001) surgical indication, and PADUA score (p < 0.0001) were found to be predictors of RF loss. The developed nomogram including these variables showed an AUC of 0.816.Conclusions: We developed a clinical nomogram for the prediction of late RF loss after RAPN using preoperative and surgical variables from a large multicenter dataset. Patient summary: We developed a nomogram that could represent a clinical tool for early detection of patients at the highest risk of significant renal function impairment after robotic conservative surgery for renal tumors. (C) 2021 Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of European Association of Urology.

A Nomogram for the Prediction of Intermediate Significant Renal Function Loss After Robot-assisted Partial Nephrectomy for Localized Renal Tumors: A Prospective Multicenter Observational Study (RECORd2 Project)

Porpiglia, Francesco;Amparore, Daniele;Checcucci, Enrico;Fiori, Cristian;Gontero, Paolo;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background: Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) is increasingly adopted for the treatment of localized renal tumors; however, rates and predictors of significant renal function (RF) loss after RAPN are still poorly investigated, especially at a long-term evaluation.Objective: To analyze the predictive factors and develop a clinical nomogram for predicting the likelihood of ultimate RF loss after RAPN.Design, setting, and participants: We prospectively evaluated all patients treated with RAPN in a multicenter series (RECORd2 project).Outcome measurements and statistical analysis: Significant RF loss was defined as >25% reduction in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) from preoperative assessment at 48th month follow-up after surgery. Uni- and multivariable logistic regression analyses for RF loss were performed. The area under the receiving operator characteristic curve (AUC) was used to quantify predictive discrimination. A nomogram was created from the multivariable model.Results and limitations: A total of 981 patients were included. The median age at surgery was 64.2 (interquartile range [IQR] 54.3 square 71.4) yr, and 62.4% of patients were male. The median Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) was 1 (IQR 0 square 2), 12.9% of patients suffered from diabetes mellitus, and 18.6% of patients showed peripheral vascular disease (PVD). The median Preoperative Aspects and Dimensions Used for an Anatomical (PADUA) score was 7 (IQR 7 square 9). Imperative indications to partial nephrectomy were present in 3.6% of patients. Significant RF loss at 48th month postoperative evaluation was registered in 108 (11%) patients. At multivariable analysis, age (p = 0.04), female gender (p < 0.0001), CCI (p < 0.0001), CCI (p < 0.0001), diabetes (p < 0.0001), PVD (p < 0.0001), eGFR (p = 0.02), imperative (p = 0.001) surgical indication, and PADUA score (p < 0.0001) were found to be predictors of RF loss. The developed nomogram including these variables showed an AUC of 0.816.Conclusions: We developed a clinical nomogram for the prediction of late RF loss after RAPN using preoperative and surgical variables from a large multicenter dataset. Patient summary: We developed a nomogram that could represent a clinical tool for early detection of patients at the highest risk of significant renal function impairment after robotic conservative surgery for renal tumors. (C) 2021 Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of European Association of Urology.
2022
8
4
980
987
Chronic kidney disease; Functional outcome; Ischemia; Nephron-sparing surgery; Partial nephrectomy; Renal cell carcinoma; Robotics; Female; Humans; Kidney; Male; Nephrectomy; Nomograms; Prospective Studies; Treatment Outcome; Kidney Neoplasms; Robotic Surgical Procedures; Robotics
Mari, Andrea; Tellini, Riccardo; Antonelli, Alessandro; Porpiglia, Francesco; Schiavina, Riccardo; Amparore, Daniele; Bertini, Roberto; Brunocilla, Eugenio; Capitanio, Umberto; Checcucci, Enrico; Da Pozzo, Luigi; Di Maida, Fabrizio; Fiori, Cristian; Furlan, Maria; Gontero, Paolo; Longo, Nicola; Roscigno, Marco; Simeone, Claudio; Siracusano, Salvatore; Ficarra, Vincenzo; Carini, Marco; Minervini, Andrea
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1881191
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