The identification of reliable biomarkers in biological fluids is paramount to optimizing the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Measurement of A beta 42, t-tau, and p-tau in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is the most accepted method to support the diagnosis of AD. However, lumbar puncture represents an invasive investigation, whereas saliva is one of the most accessible body fluids. The aim of our study was to investigate salivary concentrations in AD and evaluate the correlation between salivary and CSF A beta 42 concentrations in AD patients, patients with non-AD dementias, and controls. We recruited 100 subjects: 18 AD patients, 64 patients with non-AD dementias, and 18 controls. The mean saliva A beta 42 concentrations in AD patients were higher than in controls (p < 0.001), and to patients with non-AD dementias (p = 0.001). A significant negative correlation between salivary and CSF A beta 42 concentrations was found in the overall group (r = -0.562, p < 0.001) and in non-AD patients (r = -0.443, p < 0.001). Salivary A beta 42 concentrations positively correlated with CSF t-tau (r = 0.321, p = 0.001) and p-tau (r = 0.297, p = 0.001). Our study showed that in AD patients' saliva, A beta 42 concentrations are specifically increased, and we found an interesting negative correlation between CSF and salivary A beta 42 concentrations that warrants further investigation.

Aβ42 as a Biomarker of Alzheimer's Disease: Is Saliva a Viable Alternative to Cerebrospinal Fluid?

Boschi, Silvia;Roveta, Fausto;Grassini, Alberto;Cermelli, Aurora;Ferrandes, Fabio;Rainero, Innocenzo;Rubino, Elisa
2022-01-01

Abstract

The identification of reliable biomarkers in biological fluids is paramount to optimizing the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Measurement of A beta 42, t-tau, and p-tau in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is the most accepted method to support the diagnosis of AD. However, lumbar puncture represents an invasive investigation, whereas saliva is one of the most accessible body fluids. The aim of our study was to investigate salivary concentrations in AD and evaluate the correlation between salivary and CSF A beta 42 concentrations in AD patients, patients with non-AD dementias, and controls. We recruited 100 subjects: 18 AD patients, 64 patients with non-AD dementias, and 18 controls. The mean saliva A beta 42 concentrations in AD patients were higher than in controls (p < 0.001), and to patients with non-AD dementias (p = 0.001). A significant negative correlation between salivary and CSF A beta 42 concentrations was found in the overall group (r = -0.562, p < 0.001) and in non-AD patients (r = -0.443, p < 0.001). Salivary A beta 42 concentrations positively correlated with CSF t-tau (r = 0.321, p = 0.001) and p-tau (r = 0.297, p = 0.001). Our study showed that in AD patients' saliva, A beta 42 concentrations are specifically increased, and we found an interesting negative correlation between CSF and salivary A beta 42 concentrations that warrants further investigation.
2022
12
12
1729
1737
Alzheimer’s disease; CSF; beta amyloid 42; biomarkers; saliva
Boschi, Silvia; Roveta, Fausto; Grassini, Alberto; Marcinnò, Andrea; Cermelli, Aurora; Ferrandes, Fabio; Rainero, Innocenzo; Rubino, Elisa
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1894585
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