: The continuous spread of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CP-Kp) strains presents a severe challenge to the healthcare system due to limited therapeutic options and high mortality. Since its availability, ceftazidime/avibactam (C/A) has become a first-line option against KPC-Kp, but C/A-resistant strains have been reported increasingly, especially with pneumonia or prior suboptimal blood exposure to C/A treatment. A retrospective, observational study was conducted with all patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) dedicated to COVID-19 patients at the City of Health & Sciences in Turin, between 1 May 2021 and 31 January 2022, with the primary endpoint to study strains with resistance to C/A, and secondly to describe the characteristics of this population, with or without previous exposure to C/A. Seventeen patients with colonization or invasive infection due to Klebsiella pneumoniae, C/A resistance, and susceptibility to meropenem (MIC = 2 µg/L) were included; the blaKPC genotype was detected in all isolates revealing D179Y mutation in the blaKPC-2 (blaKPC-33) gene. Cluster analysis showed that 16 out of the 17 C/A-resistant KPC-Kp isolates belonged to a single clone. Thirteen strains (76.5%) were isolated in a 60-day period. Only some patients had a previous infection with non-mutant KPC at other sites (5; 29.4%). Eight patients (47.1%) underwent previous large-spectrum antibiotic treatment, and four patients (23.5%) had prior treatment with C/A. The secondary spread of the D179Y mutation in the blaKPC-2 during the COVID-19 pandemic needs to be addressed constantly by an interdisciplinary interaction between microbiologists, infection control personnel, clinicians, and infectious diseases consultants to properly diagnose and treat patients.

Ceftazidime-Avibactam (C/A) Resistant, Meropenem Sensitive KPC-Producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in ICU Setting: We Are What We Are Treated with?

Corcione, Silvia;De Benedetto, Ilaria;Shbaklo, Nour;Torsello, Giulia;Lupia, Tommaso;Bianco, Gabriele;Cavallo, Rossana;Brazzi, Luca;Montrucchio, Giorgia;De Rosa, Francesco Giuseppe
2023-01-01

Abstract

: The continuous spread of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CP-Kp) strains presents a severe challenge to the healthcare system due to limited therapeutic options and high mortality. Since its availability, ceftazidime/avibactam (C/A) has become a first-line option against KPC-Kp, but C/A-resistant strains have been reported increasingly, especially with pneumonia or prior suboptimal blood exposure to C/A treatment. A retrospective, observational study was conducted with all patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) dedicated to COVID-19 patients at the City of Health & Sciences in Turin, between 1 May 2021 and 31 January 2022, with the primary endpoint to study strains with resistance to C/A, and secondly to describe the characteristics of this population, with or without previous exposure to C/A. Seventeen patients with colonization or invasive infection due to Klebsiella pneumoniae, C/A resistance, and susceptibility to meropenem (MIC = 2 µg/L) were included; the blaKPC genotype was detected in all isolates revealing D179Y mutation in the blaKPC-2 (blaKPC-33) gene. Cluster analysis showed that 16 out of the 17 C/A-resistant KPC-Kp isolates belonged to a single clone. Thirteen strains (76.5%) were isolated in a 60-day period. Only some patients had a previous infection with non-mutant KPC at other sites (5; 29.4%). Eight patients (47.1%) underwent previous large-spectrum antibiotic treatment, and four patients (23.5%) had prior treatment with C/A. The secondary spread of the D179Y mutation in the blaKPC-2 during the COVID-19 pandemic needs to be addressed constantly by an interdisciplinary interaction between microbiologists, infection control personnel, clinicians, and infectious diseases consultants to properly diagnose and treat patients.
2023
24
5
4767
4777
D179Y; KPC; carbapenemases; ceftazidime/avibactam; resistance
Corcione, Silvia; De Benedetto, Ilaria; Shbaklo, Nour; Torsello, Giulia; Lupia, Tommaso; Bianco, Gabriele; Cavallo, Rossana; Brazzi, Luca; Montrucchio, Giorgia; De Rosa, Francesco Giuseppe
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1895433
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