The first measurement of the e+e− pair production at low lepton pair trans- verse momentum (pT,ee) and low invariant mass (mee) in non-central Pb–Pb collisions at sNN = 5.02TeV at the LHC is presented. The dielectron production is studied with the ALICE detector at midrapidity (|ηe| < 0.8) as a function of invariant mass (0.4 ≤ mee < 2.7 GeV/c2) in the 50–70% and 70–90% centrality classes for pT,ee < 0.1 GeV/c, and as a function of pT,ee in three mee intervals in the most peripheral Pb–Pb collisions. Below a pT,ee of 0.1 GeV/c, a clear excess of e+e− pairs is found compared to the ex- pectations from known hadronic sources and predictions of thermal radiation from the medium. The mee excess spectra are reproduced, within uncertainties, by different predic- tions of the photon–photon production of dielectrons, where the photons originate from the extremely strong electromagnetic fields generated by the highly Lorentz-contracted Pb nuclei. Lowest-order quantum electrodynamic (QED) calculations, as well as a model that takes into account the impact-parameter dependence of the average transverse momentum of the photons, also provide a good description of the pT,ee spectra. The measured ⟨p2T,ee⟩ of the excess pT,ee spectrum in peripheral Pb–Pb collisions is found to be comparable to the values observed previously at RHIC in a similar phase-space region.

Dielectron production at midrapidity at low transverse momentum in peripheral and semi-peripheral Pb-Pb collisions at $$ {\sqrt{s}}_{\textrm{NN}} $$ = 5.02 TeV

A. Balbino;S. Beole;L. Bianchi;E. Botta;A. Ferretti;M. Gagliardi;B. Lim;M. Masera;F. Mazzaschi;L. Terlizzi;S. Trogolo;E. Vercellin;
2023-01-01

Abstract

The first measurement of the e+e− pair production at low lepton pair trans- verse momentum (pT,ee) and low invariant mass (mee) in non-central Pb–Pb collisions at sNN = 5.02TeV at the LHC is presented. The dielectron production is studied with the ALICE detector at midrapidity (|ηe| < 0.8) as a function of invariant mass (0.4 ≤ mee < 2.7 GeV/c2) in the 50–70% and 70–90% centrality classes for pT,ee < 0.1 GeV/c, and as a function of pT,ee in three mee intervals in the most peripheral Pb–Pb collisions. Below a pT,ee of 0.1 GeV/c, a clear excess of e+e− pairs is found compared to the ex- pectations from known hadronic sources and predictions of thermal radiation from the medium. The mee excess spectra are reproduced, within uncertainties, by different predic- tions of the photon–photon production of dielectrons, where the photons originate from the extremely strong electromagnetic fields generated by the highly Lorentz-contracted Pb nuclei. Lowest-order quantum electrodynamic (QED) calculations, as well as a model that takes into account the impact-parameter dependence of the average transverse momentum of the photons, also provide a good description of the pT,ee spectra. The measured ⟨p2T,ee⟩ of the excess pT,ee spectrum in peripheral Pb–Pb collisions is found to be comparable to the values observed previously at RHIC in a similar phase-space region.
2023
2023
6
024
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Jets and Jet Substructure, Quark-Gluon Plasma
S. Acharya; D. Adamov??; A. Adler; G. Aglieri Rinella; M. Agnello; N. Agrawal; Z. Ahammed; S. Ahmad; S. U. Ahn; I. Ahuja; A. Akindinov; M. Al-Turany; ...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1912010
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