: This study reports on the synthesis and evaluation of novel compounds replacing the nitrogen-containing heterocyclic ring on the chemical backbone structure of cytochrome P450 17α-hydroxylase/12,20-lyase (CYP17A1) inhibitors with a phenyl bearing a sulfur-based substituent. Initial screening revealed compounds with marked inhibition of CYP17A1 activity. The selectivity of compounds was thereafter determined against cytochrome P450 21-hydroxylase, cytochrome P450 3A4, and cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase. Additionally, the compounds showed weak inhibitory activity against aldo-keto reductase 1C3 (AKR1C3). The compounds' impact on steroid hormone levels was also assessed, with some notable modulatory effects observed. This work paves the way for developing more potent dual inhibitors specifically targeting CYP17A1 and AKR1C3.

Exploring the Potential of Sulfur Moieties in Compounds Inhibiting Steroidogenesis

Mannella, Iole;Oliaro-Bosso, Simonetta;Pippione, Agnese C;Lolli, Marco L;Boschi, Donatella;
2023-01-01

Abstract

: This study reports on the synthesis and evaluation of novel compounds replacing the nitrogen-containing heterocyclic ring on the chemical backbone structure of cytochrome P450 17α-hydroxylase/12,20-lyase (CYP17A1) inhibitors with a phenyl bearing a sulfur-based substituent. Initial screening revealed compounds with marked inhibition of CYP17A1 activity. The selectivity of compounds was thereafter determined against cytochrome P450 21-hydroxylase, cytochrome P450 3A4, and cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase. Additionally, the compounds showed weak inhibitory activity against aldo-keto reductase 1C3 (AKR1C3). The compounds' impact on steroid hormone levels was also assessed, with some notable modulatory effects observed. This work paves the way for developing more potent dual inhibitors specifically targeting CYP17A1 and AKR1C3.
2023
13
9
1349
1366
AKR1C3; CYP17A1; enzyme inhibition; prostate cancer
Wróbel, Tomasz M; Sharma, Katyayani; Mannella, Iole; Oliaro-Bosso, Simonetta; Nieckarz, Patrycja; Du Toit, Therina; Voegel, Clarissa Daniela; Rojas Velazquez, Maria Natalia; Yakubu, Jibira; Matveeva, Anna; Therkelsen, Søren; Jørgensen, Flemming Steen; Pandey, Amit V; Pippione, Agnese C; Lolli, Marco L; Boschi, Donatella; Björkling, Fredrik
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1945833
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