PIK3CA pathogenic variants are responsible for a group of overgrowth syndromes, collectively known as PIK3CA-Related Overgrowth Spectrum (PROS). These gain-of-function variants arise postzygotically, and, according to time of onset, kind of embryonal tissue affected and regional body extension, give rise to heterogeneous phenotypes. PROS rarity and heterogeneity hamper the correct estimation of its epidemiology. Our work represents the first attempt to define the prevalence of PROS according to the established diagnostic criteria and molecular analysis and based on solid demographic data. We assessed the prevalence in Piedmont Region (Italy), including in the study all participants diagnosed with PROS born there from 1998 to 2021. The search identified 37 cases of PROS born across the 25-year period, providing a prevalence of 1:22,313 live births. Molecular analysis was positive in 81.0% of participants. Taking into account the cases with a detected variant in PIK3CA (n = 30), prevalence of molecularly positive PROS was 1:27,519.

Epidemiology of the disorders of the Pik3ca-related overgrowth spectrum (Pros)

Reynolds, Giuseppe;Cardaropoli, Simona;Carli, Diana;Gazzin, Andrea;La Selva, Roberta;Ranieri, Carlotta;Mussa, Alessandro
2023-01-01

Abstract

PIK3CA pathogenic variants are responsible for a group of overgrowth syndromes, collectively known as PIK3CA-Related Overgrowth Spectrum (PROS). These gain-of-function variants arise postzygotically, and, according to time of onset, kind of embryonal tissue affected and regional body extension, give rise to heterogeneous phenotypes. PROS rarity and heterogeneity hamper the correct estimation of its epidemiology. Our work represents the first attempt to define the prevalence of PROS according to the established diagnostic criteria and molecular analysis and based on solid demographic data. We assessed the prevalence in Piedmont Region (Italy), including in the study all participants diagnosed with PROS born there from 1998 to 2021. The search identified 37 cases of PROS born across the 25-year period, providing a prevalence of 1:22,313 live births. Molecular analysis was positive in 81.0% of participants. Taking into account the cases with a detected variant in PIK3CA (n = 30), prevalence of molecularly positive PROS was 1:27,519.
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Reynolds, Giuseppe; Cardaropoli, Simona; Carli, Diana; Luca, Maria; Gazzin, Andrea; Coppo, Paola; La Selva, Roberta; Piglionica, Marilidia; Bagnulo, R...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1963331
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