Phytohemagglutinin (PHA), a leukocyte mitogen, induces a lymphocyte and blast cell glomerulonephritis in rat renal allografts (Cell Immunol 13:146, 1974). The aim of this study was to assess whether PHA similarly enhances rabbit monocyte-dependent experimental, acute immune complex glomerulonephritis, and whether this effect is associated with local release of interleukin-1 (IL-1) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF). Rabbits with experimental acute serum sickness (AcSS: Group I) had focal proliferative and exudative glomerulonephritis with immune deposits, scattered subepithelial electron-dense deposits (humps), mild and transient proteinuria, normal creatinine clearance and slightly increased production of IL-1 and TNF from isolated glomeruli. Rabbits with AcSS and injected with PHA (Group II) developed severe lymphocyte and blast cell glomerulonephritis with diffuse endothelial damage; immune deposits were significantly reduced, focal subepithelial electron-dense deposits were absent, proteinuria was increased, creatinine clearance was decreased and production of IL-1 and TNF was markedly augmented as compared to rabbits in Group I. Rabbits with AcSS and injected with IL-1 beta and TNF alpha (Group V) had lesions comparable to those seen in Group II. These results show that PHA, IL-1 and TNF enhance the severity of acute immune complex glomerulonephritis, presumably by activating glomerular endothelial and mesangial cells and resident or infiltrated leukocytes.

Effect of leukocyte stimulation on rabbit immune complex glomerulonephritis.

CAMUSSI, Giovanni;BUSSOLINO, Federico;MONTRUCCHIO, Giuseppe;
1990

Abstract

Phytohemagglutinin (PHA), a leukocyte mitogen, induces a lymphocyte and blast cell glomerulonephritis in rat renal allografts (Cell Immunol 13:146, 1974). The aim of this study was to assess whether PHA similarly enhances rabbit monocyte-dependent experimental, acute immune complex glomerulonephritis, and whether this effect is associated with local release of interleukin-1 (IL-1) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF). Rabbits with experimental acute serum sickness (AcSS: Group I) had focal proliferative and exudative glomerulonephritis with immune deposits, scattered subepithelial electron-dense deposits (humps), mild and transient proteinuria, normal creatinine clearance and slightly increased production of IL-1 and TNF from isolated glomeruli. Rabbits with AcSS and injected with PHA (Group II) developed severe lymphocyte and blast cell glomerulonephritis with diffuse endothelial damage; immune deposits were significantly reduced, focal subepithelial electron-dense deposits were absent, proteinuria was increased, creatinine clearance was decreased and production of IL-1 and TNF was markedly augmented as compared to rabbits in Group I. Rabbits with AcSS and injected with IL-1 beta and TNF alpha (Group V) had lesions comparable to those seen in Group II. These results show that PHA, IL-1 and TNF enhance the severity of acute immune complex glomerulonephritis, presumably by activating glomerular endothelial and mesangial cells and resident or infiltrated leukocytes.
38
1047
1055
G. Camussi; Tetta C; F. Bussolino; Turello E; Brentjens J; Montrucchio G; Andres G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/29269
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