Sj÷gren's syndrome is a chronic autoimmune disease affecting exocrine glands, resulting in xerostomia and xerophthalmia. Lymphocytic infiltration and fibrosis of exocrine glands as well as the presence of autoantibodies against organ-specific and non-organ-specific antigens are the hallmarks of the disease. We investigated whether some patients affected by Sj÷gren's syndrome might have autoantibodies directed against epithelial duct cell membrane proteins. We screened sera from patients affected by Sj÷gren's syndrome by indirect immunofluorescence on monkey salivary gland sections and FG-Met-2 cells (a pancreatic carcinoma cell line with ductal features) for the presence of antisalivary duct antibodies. Positive sera were employed in immunoprecipitation experiments on (35)S-methionine in vivo labeled and surface-biotinylated FG-Met-2 cells. The serum of a patient affected by Sj÷gren's syndrome and gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma gave positive and distinct membrane immunostaining on FG-Met-2 cells. Immunoprecipitation with the patient's serum from (35)S-methionine-labeled cell extracts followed by sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) and autoradiography showed the presence of autoantibodies against a 72-kDa protein. After biotin-surface labeling of FG-Met-2 cells, a band with identical electrophoretic mobility was immunoprecipitated by the serum, demonstrating that the 72-kDa band is a membrane glycoprotein. We demonstrated by three complementary approaches, i.e., immunocytochemistry, (35)S-methionine in vivo labeling, and cell surface biotinylation, the presence of autoantibodies directed against a duct cell membrane protein of 72-kDa in a patient affected by Sj÷gren's syndrome and gastric MALT lymphoma. Autoantibodies directed against this novel membrane autoantigen may be an additional serological marker in some cases of Sj÷gren's syndrome.

Autoantibodies against a 72-kDa ductal cell membrane glycoprotein in a patient affected by Sjögren's syndrome and gastric MALT lymphoma

TRUSOLINO, Livio
2002

Abstract

Sj÷gren's syndrome is a chronic autoimmune disease affecting exocrine glands, resulting in xerostomia and xerophthalmia. Lymphocytic infiltration and fibrosis of exocrine glands as well as the presence of autoantibodies against organ-specific and non-organ-specific antigens are the hallmarks of the disease. We investigated whether some patients affected by Sj÷gren's syndrome might have autoantibodies directed against epithelial duct cell membrane proteins. We screened sera from patients affected by Sj÷gren's syndrome by indirect immunofluorescence on monkey salivary gland sections and FG-Met-2 cells (a pancreatic carcinoma cell line with ductal features) for the presence of antisalivary duct antibodies. Positive sera were employed in immunoprecipitation experiments on (35)S-methionine in vivo labeled and surface-biotinylated FG-Met-2 cells. The serum of a patient affected by Sj÷gren's syndrome and gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma gave positive and distinct membrane immunostaining on FG-Met-2 cells. Immunoprecipitation with the patient's serum from (35)S-methionine-labeled cell extracts followed by sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) and autoradiography showed the presence of autoantibodies against a 72-kDa protein. After biotin-surface labeling of FG-Met-2 cells, a band with identical electrophoretic mobility was immunoprecipitated by the serum, demonstrating that the 72-kDa band is a membrane glycoprotein. We demonstrated by three complementary approaches, i.e., immunocytochemistry, (35)S-methionine in vivo labeling, and cell surface biotinylation, the presence of autoantibodies directed against a duct cell membrane protein of 72-kDa in a patient affected by Sj÷gren's syndrome and gastric MALT lymphoma. Autoantibodies directed against this novel membrane autoantigen may be an additional serological marker in some cases of Sj÷gren's syndrome.
81
597
602
FOLLI F ;PEREGO L ;PONZONI M ;GIRARDI AM ;BOSI E ;FERRERI AJ ;BELLONE M ;SABBADINI MG ;VICARI AM ;TRUSOLINO L
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/35839
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 6
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 4
social impact