Over the last 10 years, we have investigated a particular type of bioengineered nerve guide, the muscle-vein-combined tube, which is made by filling a vein with skeletal muscle. In our previous studies we have always used fresh skeletal muscle to fill vein conduits. In the present study we compared the use of fresh and predegenerated (freeze-thawed) skeletal muscle for muscle-vein-combined nerve guides. In this study, a 10-mm-long rat median nerve defect was repaired using either type of nerve guide. The samples were analyzed 5 and 30 days after surgery by light and electron microscopy. In addition, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was carried out to investigate the expression of mRNAs coding for glial markers, as well as glial growth factor (NRG1) and its receptors (erbB2 and erbB3). Results showed differences between the two types of nerve guides at postoperative day 5; however, no difference was detected at day 30 suggesting that both types of tissue-engineered conduit are effective for repairing peripheral nerve defects in this experimental model.

Comparison of fresh and predegenerated muscle-vein-combined guides for the repair of rat median nerve

TOS, PIERLUIGI;NICOLINO, SILVIA;RAIMONDO, Stefania;FORNARO, Michele;GEUNA, Stefano;PERROTEAU, Isabelle
2007

Abstract

Over the last 10 years, we have investigated a particular type of bioengineered nerve guide, the muscle-vein-combined tube, which is made by filling a vein with skeletal muscle. In our previous studies we have always used fresh skeletal muscle to fill vein conduits. In the present study we compared the use of fresh and predegenerated (freeze-thawed) skeletal muscle for muscle-vein-combined nerve guides. In this study, a 10-mm-long rat median nerve defect was repaired using either type of nerve guide. The samples were analyzed 5 and 30 days after surgery by light and electron microscopy. In addition, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was carried out to investigate the expression of mRNAs coding for glial markers, as well as glial growth factor (NRG1) and its receptors (erbB2 and erbB3). Results showed differences between the two types of nerve guides at postoperative day 5; however, no difference was detected at day 30 suggesting that both types of tissue-engineered conduit are effective for repairing peripheral nerve defects in this experimental model.
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P. TOS; B. BATTISTON; S. NICOLINO; S. RAIMONDO; M. FORNARO; J.M. LEE; L. CHIRILA; S. GEUNA; I. PERROTEAU
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/40327
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