Voltage-gated Ca2 channels of chromaffin cells are modulated by locally released neurotransmitters through autoreceptor-activated G-proteins. Clear evidence exists in favor of a Ca2 channel gating inhibition mediated by purinergic, opioidergic, and -adrenergic autoreceptors. Few and contradictory data suggest also a role of -adrenergic autoreceptors (-ARs), the action of which, however, remains obscure. Here, using patch-perforated recordings, we show that rat chromaffin cells respond to the -AR agonist isoprenaline (ISO) by either upmodulating or downmodulating the amplitude of Ca2currents through two distinct modulatory pathways. ISO (1M) could cause either fast inhibition (25%) or slow potentiation (25%), or a combination of the two actions. Both effects were completely prevented by propranolol. Slow potentiation was more evident in cells pretreated with pertussis toxin (PTX) or when 1-ARs were selectively stimulated with ISO ICI118,551. Potentiation was absent when the 2-AR-selective agonist zinterol (1 M), the protein kinaseA(PKA) inhibitor H89, or nifedipine was applied, suggesting that potentiation is associated with a PKA-mediated phosphorylation of L-channels (40% L-current increase) through1-ARs. The ISO-induced inhibition was fast and reversible, preserved in cell treated with H89, and mimicked by zinterol. The action of zinterol was mostly on L-channels (38% inhibition). Zinterol action preserved the channel activation kinetics, the voltage-dependence of the I–V characteristic, and was removed by PTX, suggesting that2AR-mediated channel inhibition was mainly voltage independent and coupled to Gi/Go-proteins. Sequential application of zinterol and ISO mimicked the dual action (inhibition/potentiation) of ISO alone. The two kinetically and pharmacologically distinct -ARs signaling uncover alternative pathways, which may serve the autocrine control of Ca2-dependent exocytosis and other related functions of rat chromaffin cells.

Opposite action of beta1- and beta2-adrenergic receptors on Ca(V)1 L-channel current in rat adrenal chromaffin cells

CARABELLI, Valentina;CARBONE, Emilio
2003-01-01

Abstract

Voltage-gated Ca2 channels of chromaffin cells are modulated by locally released neurotransmitters through autoreceptor-activated G-proteins. Clear evidence exists in favor of a Ca2 channel gating inhibition mediated by purinergic, opioidergic, and -adrenergic autoreceptors. Few and contradictory data suggest also a role of -adrenergic autoreceptors (-ARs), the action of which, however, remains obscure. Here, using patch-perforated recordings, we show that rat chromaffin cells respond to the -AR agonist isoprenaline (ISO) by either upmodulating or downmodulating the amplitude of Ca2currents through two distinct modulatory pathways. ISO (1M) could cause either fast inhibition (25%) or slow potentiation (25%), or a combination of the two actions. Both effects were completely prevented by propranolol. Slow potentiation was more evident in cells pretreated with pertussis toxin (PTX) or when 1-ARs were selectively stimulated with ISO ICI118,551. Potentiation was absent when the 2-AR-selective agonist zinterol (1 M), the protein kinaseA(PKA) inhibitor H89, or nifedipine was applied, suggesting that potentiation is associated with a PKA-mediated phosphorylation of L-channels (40% L-current increase) through1-ARs. The ISO-induced inhibition was fast and reversible, preserved in cell treated with H89, and mimicked by zinterol. The action of zinterol was mostly on L-channels (38% inhibition). Zinterol action preserved the channel activation kinetics, the voltage-dependence of the I–V characteristic, and was removed by PTX, suggesting that2AR-mediated channel inhibition was mainly voltage independent and coupled to Gi/Go-proteins. Sequential application of zinterol and ISO mimicked the dual action (inhibition/potentiation) of ISO alone. The two kinetically and pharmacologically distinct -ARs signaling uncover alternative pathways, which may serve the autocrine control of Ca2-dependent exocytosis and other related functions of rat chromaffin cells.
2003
23(1)
73
83
CESETTI T; HERNANDEZ-GUIJO JM; BALDELLI P; V. CARABELLI; CARBONE E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/4033
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