Natural sediments show sequestering properties that can lead to a process of self-purification of aquatic environment from metal pollution. The study of the interaction between metal ions and sediment particles enhances what is known about the distribution and bioavailability of heavy metals in natural systems. Our contribution concerns the characterisation of the sequestering ability of a River Po sediment with regard to calcium(II), magnesium(II), cadmium(II), nickel(II) and copper(II), in fixed experimental conditions, through pH-metric and spectrometric measurements. A batch titration procedure was adopted and, in each solution, after equilibration, both pH and pM (M = Ca(II), Mg(II), Cd(II), Ni(II), Cu(II)) (via Inductively Coupled Plasma - Optical Emission Spectroscopy, ICP-OES) values were measured. The experimental data were first processed with a specific software to evaluate the concentration and protonation constants of the sediment ligand site(s). The speciation model was then assessed, together with the values of complexation constants, for the different sediment/metal cation systems. In order to better characterise the copper(II)-sediment interaction and to obtain more information about the nature of ligand site(s) involved, EPR (Electronic Paramagnetic Resonance) measurements were also made on the dry sediment before and after reaction with copper(II) ions.

Metal ion distribution between water and river sediment: speciation model and spectroscopic validation

ZELANO, Vincenzo;DANIELE, Pier Giuseppe;BERTO, Silvia;GINEPRO, Marco;LAURENTI, Enzo;PRENESTI, Enrico
2006

Abstract

Natural sediments show sequestering properties that can lead to a process of self-purification of aquatic environment from metal pollution. The study of the interaction between metal ions and sediment particles enhances what is known about the distribution and bioavailability of heavy metals in natural systems. Our contribution concerns the characterisation of the sequestering ability of a River Po sediment with regard to calcium(II), magnesium(II), cadmium(II), nickel(II) and copper(II), in fixed experimental conditions, through pH-metric and spectrometric measurements. A batch titration procedure was adopted and, in each solution, after equilibration, both pH and pM (M = Ca(II), Mg(II), Cd(II), Ni(II), Cu(II)) (via Inductively Coupled Plasma - Optical Emission Spectroscopy, ICP-OES) values were measured. The experimental data were first processed with a specific software to evaluate the concentration and protonation constants of the sediment ligand site(s). The speciation model was then assessed, together with the values of complexation constants, for the different sediment/metal cation systems. In order to better characterise the copper(II)-sediment interaction and to obtain more information about the nature of ligand site(s) involved, EPR (Electronic Paramagnetic Resonance) measurements were also made on the dry sediment before and after reaction with copper(II) ions.
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V. ZELANO; P.G. DANIELE; S. BERTO; M. GINEPRO; E. LAURENTI; E. PRENESTI
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/4685
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