The aim of the study was to examine the effects of strenuous training on the hypothalamic- pituitary-adrenal axis activity. Exercise tests and saliva collections for analysis of awakening cortisol response (ACR) and midnight cortisol were performed before and after a 7-day period of intensified training in a group of 15 soccer players. Intensified training resulted in a performance decrement as shown by the pre-post-training changes in maximal values of counter movement jump (CMJ) height (p=0.008). Cortisol assessment during the first 30 min after awakening showed significant increases both before and after the 7-day period and post-training ACR higher than pre-training ACR (p<0.001). Midnight cortisol also significantly increased after training (mean+/-SD, before: 3.0+/-0.7 nmol/l vs after: 5.9+/-3.3 nmol/l; p=0.017). The analysis of individual data showed an important inter-individual variability in the pre-post-training changes: several subjects increased post-awakening peak of cortisol, rate of cortisol increase from awakening to peak, and area under the curve (AUC) values, whereas other subjects showed no training-related increases. Significant correlations were observed between pre-post-training change in CMJ and in the following variables: awakening cortisol (r=0.74), post-awakening peak of cortisol (r=0.81), rate of cortisol increase (r=0.75), and AUC (r=0.79). Briefly, the lower the performance decrease, the higher the training-associated ACR increase. These data could indicate that a dysregulated adaptation to exercise occurred in athletes who experienced a higher performance decrease after training and lower (or absent) hormonal changes. Future studies are needed to elucidate the physiological determinants which underlie the exercise-elicited changes in ACR and in midnight cortisol levels and their value in predicting impaired adaptations to exercise.

Changes in awakening cortisol response and midnight salivary cortisol are sensitive markers of strenuous training-induced fatigue.

MINETTO, Marco Alessandro;LANFRANCO, Fabio;BALDI, Matteo Domenico;GHIGO, Ezio
2008

Abstract

The aim of the study was to examine the effects of strenuous training on the hypothalamic- pituitary-adrenal axis activity. Exercise tests and saliva collections for analysis of awakening cortisol response (ACR) and midnight cortisol were performed before and after a 7-day period of intensified training in a group of 15 soccer players. Intensified training resulted in a performance decrement as shown by the pre-post-training changes in maximal values of counter movement jump (CMJ) height (p=0.008). Cortisol assessment during the first 30 min after awakening showed significant increases both before and after the 7-day period and post-training ACR higher than pre-training ACR (p<0.001). Midnight cortisol also significantly increased after training (mean+/-SD, before: 3.0+/-0.7 nmol/l vs after: 5.9+/-3.3 nmol/l; p=0.017). The analysis of individual data showed an important inter-individual variability in the pre-post-training changes: several subjects increased post-awakening peak of cortisol, rate of cortisol increase from awakening to peak, and area under the curve (AUC) values, whereas other subjects showed no training-related increases. Significant correlations were observed between pre-post-training change in CMJ and in the following variables: awakening cortisol (r=0.74), post-awakening peak of cortisol (r=0.81), rate of cortisol increase (r=0.75), and AUC (r=0.79). Briefly, the lower the performance decrease, the higher the training-associated ACR increase. These data could indicate that a dysregulated adaptation to exercise occurred in athletes who experienced a higher performance decrease after training and lower (or absent) hormonal changes. Future studies are needed to elucidate the physiological determinants which underlie the exercise-elicited changes in ACR and in midnight cortisol levels and their value in predicting impaired adaptations to exercise.
31
1
16
24
Minetto MA; Lanfranco F; Tibaudi A; Baldi M; Termine A; Ghigo E.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Minetto JEI 2008.pdf

Accesso riservato

Tipo di file: PDF EDITORIALE
Dimensione 81.69 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
81.69 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/48908
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 7
  • Scopus 30
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 21
social impact