The metal-hydrogen exchange reaction of lithium and potassium methide with the dimethyl acetal of crotonaldehyde are compared with the competing additions to the double bond. In the case of lithium the nucleophilic addition reaction is clearly preferred; in contrast, the potassium methide shows two barriers of comparable height, with a slight preference for addition, and free methide is more inclined to act as base. The results appear to be consistent with available experimental evidence and suggest that (i) the alkyl carbon must be in an almost carbanion-like state to exhibit the reactivity observed when a superbase is used; (ii) RK is a poor model for RLi/R'OK superbase. Therefore, potassium alkoxides appear to operate not only by encouraging a deaggregation of alkyllithium oligomers, but also by promoting a weakening of C--Li+ interaction.

Ab initio theoretical study of metallo-dehydrogenation and nucleophilic addition reactions of methyllithium and methylpotassium with crotonaldehyde dimethylacetal / FOSSEY J; G. GHIGO; TONACHINI G; VENTURELLO P. - In: TETRAHEDRON. - ISSN 0040-4020. - 53(1997), pp. 7937-7946.

Ab initio theoretical study of metallo-dehydrogenation and nucleophilic addition reactions of methyllithium and methylpotassium with crotonaldehyde dimethylacetal

GHIGO, Giovanni;TONACHINI, Glauco;VENTURELLO, Paolo
1997

Abstract

The metal-hydrogen exchange reaction of lithium and potassium methide with the dimethyl acetal of crotonaldehyde are compared with the competing additions to the double bond. In the case of lithium the nucleophilic addition reaction is clearly preferred; in contrast, the potassium methide shows two barriers of comparable height, with a slight preference for addition, and free methide is more inclined to act as base. The results appear to be consistent with available experimental evidence and suggest that (i) the alkyl carbon must be in an almost carbanion-like state to exhibit the reactivity observed when a superbase is used; (ii) RK is a poor model for RLi/R'OK superbase. Therefore, potassium alkoxides appear to operate not only by encouraging a deaggregation of alkyllithium oligomers, but also by promoting a weakening of C--Li+ interaction.
53
7937
7946
FOSSEY J; G. GHIGO; TONACHINI G; VENTURELLO P
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/5775
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