In 1908, during the IV International Congress of Mathematicians, which took place in Rome from 6 to 11 April, was created the International Commission on the Teaching of Mathematics (Commissione Internazionale per l’insegnamento matematico, Commission Internationale de l’Enseignement Mathématique, Internationale Mathematische Unterrichtskommission). The first president was Felix Klein, eminent mathematician and promoter of significant reforms in the teaching of mathematics in Germany. Klein was an unflagging and enthusiastic promoter of the commission during its early period. The initial goal of the commission was that to “promote an inquiry and publish a general report on current trends in secondary teaching of mathematics in the various countries”. From that time, the Commission (ICMI) has gone through successive periods of more or less intense activity (connected with the dramatic events of the first half of the twentieth century) before arriving to the end of the 1960s, when it experienced a veritable renaissance based on new aims and work methodologies. In the last quarter of a century its activities and the lines of research have broadened and diversified, and have contributed to the construction of a new discipline, research in the teaching of mathematics. To celebrate the Centennial of the founding of the ICMI, an international symposium, entitled “The First Century of the International Commission on Mathematical Instruction: Reflecting and Shaping the World of Mathematics Education”, was held in Rome, 5-8 March 2008. On the occasion of the congress a website dedicated to the history of ICMI was created under the direction of Fulvia Furinghetti and Livia Giacardi (http://www.icmihistory.unito.it/). It delineates the most significant events and key figures through documents, images and interviews. The site is divided into six sections: Timeline; Portrait Gallery; Documents; The Affiliated Study Groups; The International Congresses on Mathematical Education; Interviews and Film Clips.
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