In his Traité des objects musicaux, Pierre Schaeffer proposed a phenomenological approach which can be considered authentic not because of his eventual philosophical claims but because it led to the articulation of the “audible domain” – simply the domain of all what can be heard – by providing and binding together a theory of sound objects and a theory of listening practices. For what concerns the latter, in the famous Tableau des fonctions de l’écoute, listening is notoriously redefined in terms of four different modalities: écouter, ouïr, entendre, comprendre. For Schaeffer, a similar organization, which replaced the monolithism of listening with a multiplicity of determinations, was not an end in itself, but the first step towards a syntax of listening strategies. These strategies have been widely described by Schaeffer, but they have not received a specific formalization. On the contrary, a more explicit and formalized approach can result in a better description of the complexities of listening practices involved in electroacoustic music (and not only). In order to pursue such an aim, Schaeffer’s table can be rewritten in form of a graph, made of vertices connected by edges: the vertices represent the four modes of listening while the edges – connecting each couple of vertices – define possible sequencing relations between them. Thus, each path on the graph represents a sequence of listening modes. But Schaeffer has also described the dynamic transformations of listening practices. In particular, a key point in Schaeffer’s argumentation is his discussion regarding the process of transforming a practice into another one, a process which typically happens in the modus audiendi of the specialiste. While a sectorial drawing cannot show this process, a graph-based model allows to represent this mechanism by expanding and modifying the original graph. Analogously, other relations between listening activities can be discussed and modeled through graphs.

Tableaux et Gravures: a Graph Model for Schaeffer’s Theory of Listening

VALLE, ANDREA
2008

Abstract

In his Traité des objects musicaux, Pierre Schaeffer proposed a phenomenological approach which can be considered authentic not because of his eventual philosophical claims but because it led to the articulation of the “audible domain” – simply the domain of all what can be heard – by providing and binding together a theory of sound objects and a theory of listening practices. For what concerns the latter, in the famous Tableau des fonctions de l’écoute, listening is notoriously redefined in terms of four different modalities: écouter, ouïr, entendre, comprendre. For Schaeffer, a similar organization, which replaced the monolithism of listening with a multiplicity of determinations, was not an end in itself, but the first step towards a syntax of listening strategies. These strategies have been widely described by Schaeffer, but they have not received a specific formalization. On the contrary, a more explicit and formalized approach can result in a better description of the complexities of listening practices involved in electroacoustic music (and not only). In order to pursue such an aim, Schaeffer’s table can be rewritten in form of a graph, made of vertices connected by edges: the vertices represent the four modes of listening while the edges – connecting each couple of vertices – define possible sequencing relations between them. Thus, each path on the graph represents a sequence of listening modes. But Schaeffer has also described the dynamic transformations of listening practices. In particular, a key point in Schaeffer’s argumentation is his discussion regarding the process of transforming a practice into another one, a process which typically happens in the modus audiendi of the specialiste. While a sectorial drawing cannot show this process, a graph-based model allows to represent this mechanism by expanding and modifying the original graph. Analogously, other relations between listening activities can be discussed and modeled through graphs.
Electroacoacoustic Music Studies Network International Conference-EMS08
Paris
3-7/06/2008
Actes/Proceedings EMS08
EMS
1
5
http://www.ems-network.org/ems08/papers/valle.pdf
schaeffer; teoria dell'ascolto; musica concreta
Andrea Valle
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/65971
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