Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) develops slowly and it is usually preceded by identifiable oral preneoplastic lesions (OPLs): chemoprevention could be a promising approach. Resveratrol (RV) is a plant-based agent characterized by a strong in vitro antineoplastic action, but this effect has not been clinically confirmed owing to its metabolic inactivation. In order to circumvent this limitation and to improve RV efficacy, it was locally applied and complexed with a protective and solubilising vehicle (2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin, HPβCD). The experimentation was performed in vitro on 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene-induced hamster OSCC cell line (HCPC I) and in vivo in the related animal model, by comparison of two RV–HPβCD formulations (cream and mouthwash) and RV alone. Vehicles and RV-formulations were free from toxicity. Antiproliferative action of RV on HCPC I was concentration- and time-dependent, and was improved in HPβCD-formulations. In vivo, RV prevented OPL and OSCC appearance and growth. Here, too, HPβCD-formulations (mainly mouthwash) demonstrated the best chemopreventive effects in terms of lesions prevalence, multiplicity, dimension, and histological signs of malignancy. HPLC detection of RV corroborated that its action is concentration-correlated and is improved by its inclusion in HPbCDs. In summary, our study demonstrates that RV is effective in the chemoprevention of DMBA-induced oral carcinogenesis and when it is complexed with HPbCDs its efficacy is significantly improved.

Chemoprevention of 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)-induced oral carcinogenesis in hamster cheek pouch by topical application of resveratrol complexed with 2-hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin

BERTA, Giovanni Nicolao
First
;
SALAMONE, PAOLINA;SPRIO, ANDREA ELIO;DI SCIPIO, FEDERICA;SAPINO, Simona;CARLOTTI, Maria Eugenia;CAVALLI, Roberta;DI CARLO, Francesco
Last
2010

Abstract

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) develops slowly and it is usually preceded by identifiable oral preneoplastic lesions (OPLs): chemoprevention could be a promising approach. Resveratrol (RV) is a plant-based agent characterized by a strong in vitro antineoplastic action, but this effect has not been clinically confirmed owing to its metabolic inactivation. In order to circumvent this limitation and to improve RV efficacy, it was locally applied and complexed with a protective and solubilising vehicle (2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin, HPβCD). The experimentation was performed in vitro on 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene-induced hamster OSCC cell line (HCPC I) and in vivo in the related animal model, by comparison of two RV–HPβCD formulations (cream and mouthwash) and RV alone. Vehicles and RV-formulations were free from toxicity. Antiproliferative action of RV on HCPC I was concentration- and time-dependent, and was improved in HPβCD-formulations. In vivo, RV prevented OPL and OSCC appearance and growth. Here, too, HPβCD-formulations (mainly mouthwash) demonstrated the best chemopreventive effects in terms of lesions prevalence, multiplicity, dimension, and histological signs of malignancy. HPLC detection of RV corroborated that its action is concentration-correlated and is improved by its inclusion in HPbCDs. In summary, our study demonstrates that RV is effective in the chemoprevention of DMBA-induced oral carcinogenesis and when it is complexed with HPbCDs its efficacy is significantly improved.
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https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oraloncology.2009.10.007
Oral cancer; Preneoplastic lesions; Resveratrol; Cyclodextrins; Chemoprevention; Hamster cheek pouch model; DMBA
Berta GN; Salamone P; Sprio AE; Di Scipio F; Marinos LM; Sapino S; Carlotti ME; Cavalli R; Di Carlo F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/70372
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