Transferrin receptor 2 (TFR2) is a transmembrane protein that is mutated in hemochromatosis type 3. The TFR2 gene is transcribed in 2 main isoforms: the full-length (alpha) and a shorter form (beta). alpha-Tfr2 is the sensor of diferric transferrin, implicated in the modulation of hepcidin, the main regulator of iron homeostasis. The function of the putative beta-Tfr2 protein is unknown. We have developed a new mouse model (KI) lacking beta-Tfr2 compared with Tfr2 knockout mice (KO). Adult Tfr2 KO mice show liver iron overload and inadequate hepcidin levels relative to body iron stores, even though they increase Bmp6 production. KI mice have normal transferrin saturation, liver iron concentration, hepcidin and Bmp6 levels but show a transient anemia at young age and severe spleen iron accumulation in adult animals. Fpn1 is strikingly decreased in the spleen of these animals. These findings and the expression of beta-Tfr2 in wild-type mice spleen suggest a role for beta-Tfr2 in Fpn1 transcriptional control. Selective inactivation of liver alpha-Tfr2 in KI mice (LCKO-KI) returned the phenotype to liver iron overload. Our results strengthen the function of hepatic alpha-Tfr2 in hepcidin activation, suggest a role for extrahepatic Tfr2 and indicate that beta-Tfr2 may specifically control spleen iron efflux

Comparison of 3 Tfr2-deficient murine models suggestsdistinct functions for Tfr2-alpha and Tfr2-beta isoforms in different tissues

ROETTO, Antonella;DI CUNTO, Ferdinando;HIRSCH, Emilio;AZZOLINO, Ornella;CARTURAN, Sonia;MINISCALCO, Barbara;RIONDATO, Fulvio;CILLONI, Daniela;SILENGO, Lorenzo;ALTRUDA, Fiorella;SAGLIO, Giuseppe
2010

Abstract

Transferrin receptor 2 (TFR2) is a transmembrane protein that is mutated in hemochromatosis type 3. The TFR2 gene is transcribed in 2 main isoforms: the full-length (alpha) and a shorter form (beta). alpha-Tfr2 is the sensor of diferric transferrin, implicated in the modulation of hepcidin, the main regulator of iron homeostasis. The function of the putative beta-Tfr2 protein is unknown. We have developed a new mouse model (KI) lacking beta-Tfr2 compared with Tfr2 knockout mice (KO). Adult Tfr2 KO mice show liver iron overload and inadequate hepcidin levels relative to body iron stores, even though they increase Bmp6 production. KI mice have normal transferrin saturation, liver iron concentration, hepcidin and Bmp6 levels but show a transient anemia at young age and severe spleen iron accumulation in adult animals. Fpn1 is strikingly decreased in the spleen of these animals. These findings and the expression of beta-Tfr2 in wild-type mice spleen suggest a role for beta-Tfr2 in Fpn1 transcriptional control. Selective inactivation of liver alpha-Tfr2 in KI mice (LCKO-KI) returned the phenotype to liver iron overload. Our results strengthen the function of hepatic alpha-Tfr2 in hepcidin activation, suggest a role for extrahepatic Tfr2 and indicate that beta-Tfr2 may specifically control spleen iron efflux
115
16
3382
3389
http://bloodjournal.hematologylibrary.org/cgi/reprint/115/16/3382
iron overload; iron metabolism; transferrin receptor; hemochromatosis; TFR2
Roetto A; Di Cunto F; Pellegrino RM; Hirsch E; Azzolino O; Bondi A; Defilippi I; Carturan S; Miniscalco B; Riondato F; Cilloni D; Silengo L; Altruda F; Camaschella C; Saglio G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/74802
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