Somatostatin (SST) and growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) are hypothalamic hormones that, respectively, inhibit and stimulate pituitary GH secretion. In addition, in peripheral tissues somatostatin and its analogues inhibit whereas GHRH stimulate both normal and cancer cell growth and survival. Furthermore, both somatostatin receptor 2 (SSTR-2) and GHRH expression have been shown in normal human endometrium. Endometriosis is a common estrogen-dependent disorder defined by the presence of endometrial cells outside the uterus, resulting in pelvic pain and infertility. With respect to eutopic endometrium, the ectopic shows higher local oestradiol bioavailability, abnormalities in gene expression, impaired sensitivity to apoptosis and increased cell proliferation. Aim of this study was to investigate the expression of GHRH and SST receptors in ectopic endometrium of patients with endometriosis and to test whether SST analogues and GHRH antagonists would inhibit proliferation and survival of primary endometrial cells. In ectopic endometria (n=18), RT-PCR experiments showed mRNA expression of all five somatostatin receptor subtypes (SSTR1 to 5), and of the splice variant-1 (SV1) of the GHRH-receptor (GHRH-R). By Real-time PCR we found that in 64% of patients, SSTR2 and SSTR5 were significantly more expressed in ectopic than in eutopic tissues. Importantly, the SST analogues Lanreotide and Octreotide dose-dependently reduced ectopic more than eutopic endometrial cell growth and survival. Noteworthy, GHRH antagonist JV-1-36 showed significant inhibitory effect on endometrial stromal cell proliferation and viability. In conclusion, these findings suggest that SST analogues, as well as GHRH antagonists, may be useful molecules for inhibiting proliferation and survival of ectopic endometrial cells in subjects with endometriosis.

Endometriotic cell proliferation and survival are inhibited by somatostatin analogues and GHRH antagonists

ANNUNZIATA, Marta;TROVATO, Letizia;SETTANNI, Fabio;GRANDE, CRISTINA;GALLO, Davide;GHIGO, Ezio;GRANATA, Riccarda
2008

Abstract

Somatostatin (SST) and growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) are hypothalamic hormones that, respectively, inhibit and stimulate pituitary GH secretion. In addition, in peripheral tissues somatostatin and its analogues inhibit whereas GHRH stimulate both normal and cancer cell growth and survival. Furthermore, both somatostatin receptor 2 (SSTR-2) and GHRH expression have been shown in normal human endometrium. Endometriosis is a common estrogen-dependent disorder defined by the presence of endometrial cells outside the uterus, resulting in pelvic pain and infertility. With respect to eutopic endometrium, the ectopic shows higher local oestradiol bioavailability, abnormalities in gene expression, impaired sensitivity to apoptosis and increased cell proliferation. Aim of this study was to investigate the expression of GHRH and SST receptors in ectopic endometrium of patients with endometriosis and to test whether SST analogues and GHRH antagonists would inhibit proliferation and survival of primary endometrial cells. In ectopic endometria (n=18), RT-PCR experiments showed mRNA expression of all five somatostatin receptor subtypes (SSTR1 to 5), and of the splice variant-1 (SV1) of the GHRH-receptor (GHRH-R). By Real-time PCR we found that in 64% of patients, SSTR2 and SSTR5 were significantly more expressed in ectopic than in eutopic tissues. Importantly, the SST analogues Lanreotide and Octreotide dose-dependently reduced ectopic more than eutopic endometrial cell growth and survival. Noteworthy, GHRH antagonist JV-1-36 showed significant inhibitory effect on endometrial stromal cell proliferation and viability. In conclusion, these findings suggest that SST analogues, as well as GHRH antagonists, may be useful molecules for inhibiting proliferation and survival of ectopic endometrial cells in subjects with endometriosis.
10th European Congress of Endocrinology
Berlin
May 4-7 2010
Endocrine Abstracts
10th European Congress of Endocrinology, Berlin, May 4-7, 2010
10
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http://www.endocrine-abstracts.org/ea/0016/default.htm
Marta Annunziata; Letizia Trovato; Fabio Settanni; Cristina Grande; Davide Gallo; Marco Camanni; Francesco Deltetto; Ezio Ghigo; Riccarda Granata
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/75193
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