Diacylglycerol kinases (DGKs) convert diacylglycerol (DAG) into phosphatidic acid (PA), acting as molecular switches between DAG- and PA-mediated signaling. We previously showed that Src-dependent activation and plasma membrane recruitment of DGKα are required for growth-factor-induced cell migration and ruffling, through the control of Rac small-GTPase activation and plasma membrane localization. Herein we unveil a signaling pathway through which DGKα coordinates the localization of Rac. We show that upon hepatocyte growth-factor stimulation, DGKα, by producing PA, provides a key signal to recruit atypical PKCζ/ι (aPKCζ/ι) in complex with RhoGDI and Rac at ruffling sites of colony-growing epithelial cells. Then, DGKα-dependent activation of aPKCζ/ι mediates the release of Rac from the inhibitory complex with RhoGDI, allowing its activation and leading to formation of membrane ruffles, which constitute essential requirements for cell migration. These findings highlight DGKα as the central element of a lipid signaling pathway linking tyrosine kinase growth-factor receptors to regulation of aPKCs and RhoGDI, and providing a positional signal regulating Rac association to the plasma membrane.

Diacylglycerol kinase α mediates HGF-induced Rac activation and membrane ruffling by regulating atypical PKC and RhoGDI

PORPORATO, Paolo Ettore;SERINI, Guido;Andrea Graziani
2010

Abstract

Diacylglycerol kinases (DGKs) convert diacylglycerol (DAG) into phosphatidic acid (PA), acting as molecular switches between DAG- and PA-mediated signaling. We previously showed that Src-dependent activation and plasma membrane recruitment of DGKα are required for growth-factor-induced cell migration and ruffling, through the control of Rac small-GTPase activation and plasma membrane localization. Herein we unveil a signaling pathway through which DGKα coordinates the localization of Rac. We show that upon hepatocyte growth-factor stimulation, DGKα, by producing PA, provides a key signal to recruit atypical PKCζ/ι (aPKCζ/ι) in complex with RhoGDI and Rac at ruffling sites of colony-growing epithelial cells. Then, DGKα-dependent activation of aPKCζ/ι mediates the release of Rac from the inhibitory complex with RhoGDI, allowing its activation and leading to formation of membrane ruffles, which constitute essential requirements for cell migration. These findings highlight DGKα as the central element of a lipid signaling pathway linking tyrosine kinase growth-factor receptors to regulation of aPKCs and RhoGDI, and providing a positional signal regulating Rac association to the plasma membrane.
107(9)
4182
4187
http://www.pnas.org/content/107/9/4182.abstract
cell migration; growth factors; phosphatidic acid
Federica Chianale; Elena Rainero; Cristina Cianflonea; Valentina Bettio;Andrea Pighini; Paolo Porporato; Nicoletta Filigheddu; Guido Serini; Fabiola Sinigaglia; Gianluca Baldanzi; Andrea Graziani
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/76313
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