The presence of non-organ-specific (NOSA) and anti-endothelial antibodies (AECAs) and the onset of rejection in relation to cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection was investigated in 96 renal transplant recipients: 48 CMV pp65-antigenemia-negative (group 1) and 48 positive (group 2). The presence of autoantibodies (autoAbs) was evaluated before and following renal transplantation (first three months) by indirect immunofluorescence. Before transplantation, none of the patients was positive to AECAs, while eight (8.3%) were positive to NOSAs. Post-transplantation, AECA were found in none of patients from group 1 vs. 15/48 (31.2%) from group 2 (p<0.05); NOSAs were detected in 9/48 (18.8%) and 9/48 patients from group 1 and 2, respectively. An acute rejection was diagnosed in ten cases: six of interstitial type (antigenemia-, and AECA-negative; two NOSA-positive); four of vascular type (all of them NOSA-negative, 3/4 antigenemia-, and AECA-positive). CMV infection did not seem to be significantly associated with the appearance of NOSAs, while there was a significant correlation with the occurrence of AECAs. No significant correlation was found between acute rejection and the occurrence of NOSAs, while 75% of the cases of vascular rejection was associated to CMV infection and AECA-positivity, suggesting the pathogenic role of CMV-mediated endothelial damage.

Non-organ-specific and anti-endothelial antibodies in relation to CMV infection and acute rejection in renal transplant recipients.

Costa C;BERGALLO, Massimiliano;TERLIZZI, Maria Elena;SIDOTI, Francesca;SINESI, Franca;SEGOLONI, Giuseppe;CAVALLO, Rossana
2010

Abstract

The presence of non-organ-specific (NOSA) and anti-endothelial antibodies (AECAs) and the onset of rejection in relation to cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection was investigated in 96 renal transplant recipients: 48 CMV pp65-antigenemia-negative (group 1) and 48 positive (group 2). The presence of autoantibodies (autoAbs) was evaluated before and following renal transplantation (first three months) by indirect immunofluorescence. Before transplantation, none of the patients was positive to AECAs, while eight (8.3%) were positive to NOSAs. Post-transplantation, AECA were found in none of patients from group 1 vs. 15/48 (31.2%) from group 2 (p<0.05); NOSAs were detected in 9/48 (18.8%) and 9/48 patients from group 1 and 2, respectively. An acute rejection was diagnosed in ten cases: six of interstitial type (antigenemia-, and AECA-negative; two NOSA-positive); four of vascular type (all of them NOSA-negative, 3/4 antigenemia-, and AECA-positive). CMV infection did not seem to be significantly associated with the appearance of NOSAs, while there was a significant correlation with the occurrence of AECAs. No significant correlation was found between acute rejection and the occurrence of NOSAs, while 75% of the cases of vascular rejection was associated to CMV infection and AECA-positivity, suggesting the pathogenic role of CMV-mediated endothelial damage.
24
4
488
492
Costa C; Touscoz GA; Bergallo M; Terlizzi ME; Astegiano S; Sidoti F; Sinesi F; Segoloni GP; Cavallo R.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
CMV and non-organ-specific Ab.pdf

non disponibili

Tipo di file: PDF EDITORIALE
Dimensione 76.72 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
76.72 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/79503
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 11
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 9
social impact