In the present study we used a transgenic mouse model, carrying the neuropeptide Y (NPY) Y1 receptor gene promoter linked to the LacZ reporter gene (Y1R/LacZ mice) to test the hypothesis of its up-regulation by gonadal hormones. Y1 receptor gene expression was detected by means of histochemical procedures and quantitative image analysis in the paraventricular nucleus, arcuate nucleus, medial preoptic nucleus, ventromedial nucleus and bed nucleus of stria terminalis of two month-old female mice at different stages of estrous cycle. Qualitative and quantitative analises showed that Y1R/LacZ transgene expression was higher in the paraventricular, arcuate, and ventromedial nuclei of proestrus mice as compared to mice in the other stages of the estrous cycle. In addition, we performed a comparison with a group of sexually active males. In this comparison a significant difference (less in males) was observed between males and proestrus females in the same nuclei. In conclusion, these data indicate that fluctuations in circulating levels of gonadal hormones, depending by estrous cycle, are paralleled by changes in the expression of NPY Y1 receptor in the hypothalamic nuclei involved in the control of both energy balance and reproduction.

EFFECTS OF ESTROUS CYCLE AND SEX ON THE EXPRESSION OF NEUROPEPTIDE Y Y1 RECEPTOR IN DISCRETE HYPOTHALAMIC AND LIMBIC NUCLEI OF TRANSGENIC MICE

MARTINI, MARIANGELA;GOTTI, STEFANO;EVA, Carola Eugenia;PANZICA, Giancarlo
2011

Abstract

In the present study we used a transgenic mouse model, carrying the neuropeptide Y (NPY) Y1 receptor gene promoter linked to the LacZ reporter gene (Y1R/LacZ mice) to test the hypothesis of its up-regulation by gonadal hormones. Y1 receptor gene expression was detected by means of histochemical procedures and quantitative image analysis in the paraventricular nucleus, arcuate nucleus, medial preoptic nucleus, ventromedial nucleus and bed nucleus of stria terminalis of two month-old female mice at different stages of estrous cycle. Qualitative and quantitative analises showed that Y1R/LacZ transgene expression was higher in the paraventricular, arcuate, and ventromedial nuclei of proestrus mice as compared to mice in the other stages of the estrous cycle. In addition, we performed a comparison with a group of sexually active males. In this comparison a significant difference (less in males) was observed between males and proestrus females in the same nuclei. In conclusion, these data indicate that fluctuations in circulating levels of gonadal hormones, depending by estrous cycle, are paralleled by changes in the expression of NPY Y1 receptor in the hypothalamic nuclei involved in the control of both energy balance and reproduction.
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http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0196978111001525
estrous cycle; Neuropeptide Y; Y1 receptor for neuropeptide Y.; Neuroendocrine and Hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis; Hypothalamus
Mariangela Martini; Monica Sica; Stefano Gotti; Carola Eva; GianCarlo Panzica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/85861
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