The phosphoinositide-3-kinases (PI3Ks) are a conserved family of lipid kinases that phosphorylate the 3-hydroxyl group of phosphatidylinositols in response to extracellular stimuli. PI3K pathway is enrolled in different kinds of human cancer and plays a prominent role in cancer cell growth and survival. Several PI3K inhibitors have been recently identified but some PI3K inhibitors with high potency in vitro do not show satisfactory effects in animal cancer models because of the poor pharmaceutical properties in vivo such as poor solubility, instability, and fast plasma clearance rate. In this study, we developed a sustained release system of PI3K inhibitor (TGX221) based on polyhydroxyalkanoate nanoparticles (NP) and used it to block proliferation of cancer cell lines. TGX221 was gradually released from PHA-based NP and growth of cancer cell lines was significantly slower in NP-TGX221-treated cells than in either negative controls or in cells receiving free TGX221. Since poor bioavailability and limited in vivo half-life are common features of hydrophobic PI3K inhibitors, our results open the way to similar formulation of other PI3K blockers and to new strategies in cancer treatment.

Sustained release of PI3K inhibitor from PHA nanoparticles and in vitro growth inhibition of cancer cell lines.

LU, Xiaoyun;CIRAOLO, Elisa;HIRSCH, Emilio
2011-01-01

Abstract

The phosphoinositide-3-kinases (PI3Ks) are a conserved family of lipid kinases that phosphorylate the 3-hydroxyl group of phosphatidylinositols in response to extracellular stimuli. PI3K pathway is enrolled in different kinds of human cancer and plays a prominent role in cancer cell growth and survival. Several PI3K inhibitors have been recently identified but some PI3K inhibitors with high potency in vitro do not show satisfactory effects in animal cancer models because of the poor pharmaceutical properties in vivo such as poor solubility, instability, and fast plasma clearance rate. In this study, we developed a sustained release system of PI3K inhibitor (TGX221) based on polyhydroxyalkanoate nanoparticles (NP) and used it to block proliferation of cancer cell lines. TGX221 was gradually released from PHA-based NP and growth of cancer cell lines was significantly slower in NP-TGX221-treated cells than in either negative controls or in cells receiving free TGX221. Since poor bioavailability and limited in vivo half-life are common features of hydrophobic PI3K inhibitors, our results open the way to similar formulation of other PI3K blockers and to new strategies in cancer treatment.
89
1423
1433
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00253-011-3101-1
Polyhydroxyalkanoate; PI3K inhibitor; TGX221; Nanoparticle; Drug delivery
Lu XY; Ciraolo E; Stefenia R; Chen GQ; Zhang Y; Hirsch E
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/89172
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