Polyomavirus BK latently persist in different sites, including the renourinary tract, and may reactivate causing nephropathy in renal transplant recipients or hemorrhagic cystitis in bone marrow recipients. Based on the sequence of the VP1 gene, four genotypes have been described, corresponding to the four serologically differentiated subtypes I-IV, with different prevalence and geographic distribution. In this study, the development and clinical validation of four different Real-Time PCR assays for the detection and discrimination of BKV genotypes as a substitute of DNA sequencing are described. 379 BK VP1 sequences, belonging to the main four genotypes, were aligned and "hot spots" of mutation specific for all the strains or isolates were identified. Specific primers and probes for the detection and discrimination of each genotype by four Real-Time PCR assays were designed and technically validated. Subsequently, the four Real-Time PCR assays were used to test 20 BK-positive urine specimens from renal transplant patients, and evidenced a prevalence of BK genotype I, as previously reported in Europe. Results were confirmed by sequencing. The availability of a rapid and simple genotyping method could be useful for the evaluation of BK genotypes prevalence and studies on the impact of the infecting genotype on viral biological behavior, pathogenic role, and immune evasion strategies.

Genotyping of Polyomavirus BK by Real Time PCR for VP1 gene

Costa C;SEGOLONI, Giuseppe;CAVALLO, Rossana;BERGALLO, Massimiliano
2011

Abstract

Polyomavirus BK latently persist in different sites, including the renourinary tract, and may reactivate causing nephropathy in renal transplant recipients or hemorrhagic cystitis in bone marrow recipients. Based on the sequence of the VP1 gene, four genotypes have been described, corresponding to the four serologically differentiated subtypes I-IV, with different prevalence and geographic distribution. In this study, the development and clinical validation of four different Real-Time PCR assays for the detection and discrimination of BKV genotypes as a substitute of DNA sequencing are described. 379 BK VP1 sequences, belonging to the main four genotypes, were aligned and "hot spots" of mutation specific for all the strains or isolates were identified. Specific primers and probes for the detection and discrimination of each genotype by four Real-Time PCR assays were designed and technically validated. Subsequently, the four Real-Time PCR assays were used to test 20 BK-positive urine specimens from renal transplant patients, and evidenced a prevalence of BK genotype I, as previously reported in Europe. Results were confirmed by sequencing. The availability of a rapid and simple genotyping method could be useful for the evaluation of BK genotypes prevalence and studies on the impact of the infecting genotype on viral biological behavior, pathogenic role, and immune evasion strategies.
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Gambarino S; Costa C; Astegiano S; Piasentin EA; Segoloni GP; Cavallo R; Bergallo M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/95277
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