Human flavin-containing monooxygenase 3 (hFMO3) is a microsomal drug-metabolizing enzyme able to oxygenate drugs and xenobiotics containing a soft-nucleophile, usually sulphur or nitrogen. To date, the structure of hFMO3 has not been solved and molecular modelling has been used to assign a structural/functional role to the predicted secondary structure elements of the polypeptide sequence. A model of hFMO3 is built by combining ab-initio and homology modelling approaches using the structure of Methylophaga sp. FMO as a template (PDB ID: 2VQ7) sharing a 30% sequence identity with the human counterpart. The energy minimized and refined model is used for docking experiments to show how known substrates bind the catalytic site of the enzyme. Based on the hydrophobic nature of the carboxyl terminus, it was hypothesized that this region could function as a membrane anchor. Therefore, a C-terminal truncated form of hFMO3 (tr-hFMO3) was engineered at DNA level and subsequently cloned, expressed in E. coli and purified in order to compare its solubility and activity with that of the full-length wild type enzyme. The tr-hFMO3 was purified from the cytosolic fraction whereas the wild type protein was purified from the membrane fraction. Furthermore, catalysis experiments with the tr-hFMO3 showed that this enzyme is fully active and carries out the monooxygenation of substrates such as sulindac sulfide, benzydamine, tozasertib and danusertib. The results from docking experiments together with the success in rational design of the soluble and active tr-hFMO3 support the validity of the presented hFMO3 model.

C-terminal truncation of hFMO3: combining molecular modelling with protein engineering

CATUCCI, GIANLUCA;GILARDI, Gianfranco;SADEGHI, JILA
2011

Abstract

Human flavin-containing monooxygenase 3 (hFMO3) is a microsomal drug-metabolizing enzyme able to oxygenate drugs and xenobiotics containing a soft-nucleophile, usually sulphur or nitrogen. To date, the structure of hFMO3 has not been solved and molecular modelling has been used to assign a structural/functional role to the predicted secondary structure elements of the polypeptide sequence. A model of hFMO3 is built by combining ab-initio and homology modelling approaches using the structure of Methylophaga sp. FMO as a template (PDB ID: 2VQ7) sharing a 30% sequence identity with the human counterpart. The energy minimized and refined model is used for docking experiments to show how known substrates bind the catalytic site of the enzyme. Based on the hydrophobic nature of the carboxyl terminus, it was hypothesized that this region could function as a membrane anchor. Therefore, a C-terminal truncated form of hFMO3 (tr-hFMO3) was engineered at DNA level and subsequently cloned, expressed in E. coli and purified in order to compare its solubility and activity with that of the full-length wild type enzyme. The tr-hFMO3 was purified from the cytosolic fraction whereas the wild type protein was purified from the membrane fraction. Furthermore, catalysis experiments with the tr-hFMO3 showed that this enzyme is fully active and carries out the monooxygenation of substrates such as sulindac sulfide, benzydamine, tozasertib and danusertib. The results from docking experiments together with the success in rational design of the soluble and active tr-hFMO3 support the validity of the presented hFMO3 model.
36th FEBS congree-Biochemistry for tomorrow's medicine
torino, ITALIA
25-30 June 2011
278
99
100
Flavin-containing monooxygenase; protein engineering; molecular modelling
G. Catucci; M Razalan; G. Gilardi; L. Jeuken; S.J. Sadeghi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/132748
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