Mountain regions have a range of geological and geomorphological features that make them attractive for tourism activities. Consequently, increased human "pressure" causes impacts on geoheritage sites and higher geomorphological risks. These effects are magnified by active geomorphic processes characterizing mountains areas. In term of “human sensitivity”, sociological surveys showed that "perceived risk", not "real risk", influences people’s behavior towards natural hazards. The same approach can be applied to geoheritage. Based on these assumptions, we considered the possible strategic roles played by diffusion of scientific research and application of new technologies: 1) to enhance awareness, either of geodiversity or environmental dynamics and 2) to improve knowledge, both on geoheritage management and natural risk reduction. Within the activities of the “ProGEO-Piemonte Project” (Progetti d’Ateneo 2011, cofunded by Università Degli Studi di Torino and Compagnia di San Paolo Bank Foundation), we performed a systematic review of geodiversity and natural hazards information in the Piemonte Region (NW-Italy). Then we focused our attention on the Susa Valley, an area of the Western Alps where the geoheritage is affected by very active morphodynamics, as well as by a growing tourism, after the 2006 winter Olympics. These area became one of the 9 strategic geothematic areas selected to represent the geodiversity of the Piemonte region, each characterized by high potential for enhancement of public understanding of science, and recreation activities supported by local communities. Then we contributed to the awareness-raising communication strategy of the “RiskNat project” (Interreg Alcotra 2007-2013, Action A.4.3) by synthesizing geoscience knowledge on the Susa Valley and information on slope instabilities and prevention warning systems. Visual representations and evolutionary models have been prepared for didactic trails and virtual laboratory, for contributing to the popularization of geological history, environmental changes, natural hazards and related risk management practices. By combining geodiversity and geohazards knowledge, a new conceptual and operational discipline has been achieved in the management of the geoheritage of the Susa Valley. New techniques for recognizing and managing its rich geodiversity have been developed and applied to the territory of the “Alpi Cozie Geopark” (Interreg Alcotra 2007-2013, Project 2) for geosites selection, geo-trails preparation and management and dissemination activities. As final results, better recognition of the economic value of geodiversity and stronger perception of natural risks have been achieved: both valuable contributions to reduce local vulnerability to disasters and to support an integrated quality management system of geoheritage, suitable for a sustainable tourism.

Scientific research and new technologies for enhancing knowledge and proactive management of geoheritage in mountain regions: geodiversity and geohazards of the Susa Valley (W-Alps, Italy)

GIARDINO, Marco;GIORDANO, ENRICO;PALOMBA, MAURO;BACENETTI, MARCO;PEROTTI, Luigi;
2013

Abstract

Mountain regions have a range of geological and geomorphological features that make them attractive for tourism activities. Consequently, increased human "pressure" causes impacts on geoheritage sites and higher geomorphological risks. These effects are magnified by active geomorphic processes characterizing mountains areas. In term of “human sensitivity”, sociological surveys showed that "perceived risk", not "real risk", influences people’s behavior towards natural hazards. The same approach can be applied to geoheritage. Based on these assumptions, we considered the possible strategic roles played by diffusion of scientific research and application of new technologies: 1) to enhance awareness, either of geodiversity or environmental dynamics and 2) to improve knowledge, both on geoheritage management and natural risk reduction. Within the activities of the “ProGEO-Piemonte Project” (Progetti d’Ateneo 2011, cofunded by Università Degli Studi di Torino and Compagnia di San Paolo Bank Foundation), we performed a systematic review of geodiversity and natural hazards information in the Piemonte Region (NW-Italy). Then we focused our attention on the Susa Valley, an area of the Western Alps where the geoheritage is affected by very active morphodynamics, as well as by a growing tourism, after the 2006 winter Olympics. These area became one of the 9 strategic geothematic areas selected to represent the geodiversity of the Piemonte region, each characterized by high potential for enhancement of public understanding of science, and recreation activities supported by local communities. Then we contributed to the awareness-raising communication strategy of the “RiskNat project” (Interreg Alcotra 2007-2013, Action A.4.3) by synthesizing geoscience knowledge on the Susa Valley and information on slope instabilities and prevention warning systems. Visual representations and evolutionary models have been prepared for didactic trails and virtual laboratory, for contributing to the popularization of geological history, environmental changes, natural hazards and related risk management practices. By combining geodiversity and geohazards knowledge, a new conceptual and operational discipline has been achieved in the management of the geoheritage of the Susa Valley. New techniques for recognizing and managing its rich geodiversity have been developed and applied to the territory of the “Alpi Cozie Geopark” (Interreg Alcotra 2007-2013, Project 2) for geosites selection, geo-trails preparation and management and dissemination activities. As final results, better recognition of the economic value of geodiversity and stronger perception of natural risks have been achieved: both valuable contributions to reduce local vulnerability to disasters and to support an integrated quality management system of geoheritage, suitable for a sustainable tourism.
IX Forum di Scienze della Terra - GEOITALIA 2013 -
Pisa
16-18 settembre 2013
Epitome 2013
FIST Federazione Italiana di Scienze della Terra
283
283
Marco Giardino; Enrico Giordano; Mauro Palomba; Marco Bacenetti; Luigi Perotti; Luca Ghiraldi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/141469
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