The present study has been carried out in the Sabbione Basin (North Western Italian Alps, Ossola Valley). In this area there is a storage pond (1.226 km2) which gathers the ablation waters of the glaciers situated within the site; the main glaciers are the Northern Sabbione Glacier (ca. 1.25 km2) and the Southern Sabbione Glacier (ca. 2.50 km2). Climatological, geomorphological and vegetational studies have been conducted in order to understand the connections between climate change and its possible effects on cryosphere, geosphere and biosphere. We have analysed air temperature, liquid and solid (fresh snow) precipitation recorded in the meteorological stations of Formazza – Pian dei Camosci (2,453 m above sea level, from 1988 to 2012) and Sabbione (2,470 m above sea level, from 1950 to 2012), located within the study area. The results have been related to the previous studies available for the Ossola Valley in order to better investigate the trends of the main climatic parameters in the context of climate change, with particular attention to the amount of snowfall, thickness and persistence of snow cover. In addition, we have analysed some stratigraphic profiles of snow cover (AINEVA) and snow density data recorded in the automatic/manned meteorological stations of Meteomont Service (Corpo Forestale dello Stato and Comando Truppe Alpine) for the characterization of the snowpack. A detailed geomorphological map (scale 1:10000) has been created from the aerial photographic interpretation of multitemporal images and digital orthoimages (from 1955 to 2010). Moreover, field surveys have been conducted (during the summer 2012) with the aim to identify micromorphological forms resulting from cryotic remodelling processes on deposits (eg. patterned ground, cryoturbation, etc.). Vegetational samples on grassland and debris deposits have been taken with the phytosociological method, in order to characterize the main habitats to produce a preliminary map of vegetation. To determine the presence/absence of permafrost the model Permaclim (Guglielmin et al., 2003) has been applied and it has been implemented in a plug-in in open GIS (QGIS software), developed especially for this study. This model uses as input data a Digital Terrain Model (DTM), climate data (air temperatures and distribution of snow - the latter assessed by analysis of Landsat satellite data) and characteristics of the snowpack deriving from field measurements (sensible heat measured and thermal snow conductivity calculated from snow density measurements). The model results have been compared with the geomorphological map, which shows the forms resulting from superficial cryotic processes, and BTS (Bottom Temperature of Snow cover) temperatures measurements. Furthermore, the delay in the phenological development of Artemisia genipi, that grow on areas with permafrost, has been investigated in order to observe the relationships among climate change, cryosphere and biosphere.

Relationships among atmosphere-cryosphere-biosphere in a transitional glacial catchment (Sabbione Lake, North-Western Italian Alps)

COLOMBO, NICOLA;FRATIANNI, SIMONA;
2013

Abstract

The present study has been carried out in the Sabbione Basin (North Western Italian Alps, Ossola Valley). In this area there is a storage pond (1.226 km2) which gathers the ablation waters of the glaciers situated within the site; the main glaciers are the Northern Sabbione Glacier (ca. 1.25 km2) and the Southern Sabbione Glacier (ca. 2.50 km2). Climatological, geomorphological and vegetational studies have been conducted in order to understand the connections between climate change and its possible effects on cryosphere, geosphere and biosphere. We have analysed air temperature, liquid and solid (fresh snow) precipitation recorded in the meteorological stations of Formazza – Pian dei Camosci (2,453 m above sea level, from 1988 to 2012) and Sabbione (2,470 m above sea level, from 1950 to 2012), located within the study area. The results have been related to the previous studies available for the Ossola Valley in order to better investigate the trends of the main climatic parameters in the context of climate change, with particular attention to the amount of snowfall, thickness and persistence of snow cover. In addition, we have analysed some stratigraphic profiles of snow cover (AINEVA) and snow density data recorded in the automatic/manned meteorological stations of Meteomont Service (Corpo Forestale dello Stato and Comando Truppe Alpine) for the characterization of the snowpack. A detailed geomorphological map (scale 1:10000) has been created from the aerial photographic interpretation of multitemporal images and digital orthoimages (from 1955 to 2010). Moreover, field surveys have been conducted (during the summer 2012) with the aim to identify micromorphological forms resulting from cryotic remodelling processes on deposits (eg. patterned ground, cryoturbation, etc.). Vegetational samples on grassland and debris deposits have been taken with the phytosociological method, in order to characterize the main habitats to produce a preliminary map of vegetation. To determine the presence/absence of permafrost the model Permaclim (Guglielmin et al., 2003) has been applied and it has been implemented in a plug-in in open GIS (QGIS software), developed especially for this study. This model uses as input data a Digital Terrain Model (DTM), climate data (air temperatures and distribution of snow - the latter assessed by analysis of Landsat satellite data) and characteristics of the snowpack deriving from field measurements (sensible heat measured and thermal snow conductivity calculated from snow density measurements). The model results have been compared with the geomorphological map, which shows the forms resulting from superficial cryotic processes, and BTS (Bottom Temperature of Snow cover) temperatures measurements. Furthermore, the delay in the phenological development of Artemisia genipi, that grow on areas with permafrost, has been investigated in order to observe the relationships among climate change, cryosphere and biosphere.
International Snow Science Workshop Grenoble – Chamonix Mont-Blanc - 2013
Grenoble
7-11 October 2013
International Snow Science Workshop program and abstracts
Naaim-Bouvet F., Durand Y., Lambert R., Létang D., Rapin F.
168
168
Colombo N.; Fratianni S.; Giaccone E.; Paro L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/142778
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