Inside the area of the western side of the Castle, the project aims to propose a “Garden of Essences” through the cultivation of aromatic and medicinal herbs, and fruit and vegetable crops. The project is part of a wider initiative of territorial development, which aims to create a cultural heritage network sharing a strong and significant link with the territory, a network of landscapes, gardens and fields characterized by the cultivation of herbs, medicinal plants and fruit and vegetable crops from ancient tradition. The identified assets will form a potential system for creating a “network of routes of flavours and fragrances in the Savoy land” to preserve the territorial cultural identity of the places thanks to a perfect integration in land valorization system. The initiative will concern the following projects: implementation of a Roman Kitchen Garden in the archeological site of Augusta Bagiennorum (Bene Vagienna, CN) for educational purpose; reconstruction of the garden of the West side of Tapparelli d’Azeglio of Lagnasco Castle (Cuneo province); restoration of “Giardino delle Foglie” designed by Arch. Mirella Macera and Arch. Paolo Pejrone and of “Il Giardino dei Principini”, in front of the neogotical greenhouse in La Margaria in the parkland of Racconigi Castle (Cuneo province). In Lagnasco the project aims to complete the recent restoration of the outdoor area of the Castles by proposing a “Giardino delle Essenze” in the southern side. The enclosed space, where the garden will be set up, reminds the atmosphere of Hortus Conclusus, and will propose a cultivation typical of the Middle Age Hortus Simplicium in order to maintain , study and recognize medicinal and aromatic plants; the medieval terminology "simplices" means the healing principles directly obtained from nature. Important design suggestions were drawn from a unique landscape affresco, located inside the castle and dated XVC “Il castello di Lagnasco e i giardini cinquecenteschi” by Pietro and Giovanni Angelo Dolce. The project is supported by the Sovrintendenza per i Beni Architettonici e Paesaggistici per le Provincie di Torino, Asti, Cuneo, Biella e Vercelli. The layout of the garden has been designed in rectangular raised beds edged with chestnut woodenfences . Furthermore there are pergolas, for the cultivation of vines and espalier orchard for apple and pear trees. Among its objectives the project intends to redevelop the area and to promote new educational initiatives for students, scholars and visitors. Considering that Lagnasco area is particularly devoted to fruit trees cultivation, old varieties of fruit trees will be planted in the garden. In the Hortus Simplicium – rearranged for educational purposes - the plants will be distributed according to their most common use. This classification is not exhaustive, since many plants have different uses, and therefore will be located in several areas. The visit of the Garden of Simples seeks to inspire the desire to learn about the medicinal plants in their historical use and in the modern therapy.
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