Aim. This study investigated how work relationships (Perceived Organizational Support – POS –, supervisor and co-worker work-family backlash) and job demands (workload, emotional dissonance) can interact with Work-Family Conflict (WFC) and Work-Family Enrichment (WFE). Background. Despite the extensive literature on work-family interface, few studies on the nursing profession have considered the role of job demands and work relationships, focusing on both the positive and negative side of work-family interface. Method. The study involved a sample of 500 nurses working in an Italian hospital. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were used to test hypotheses. Results. Analyses showed that WFC has a positive relationship with job demands and supervisor backlash, and a negative relationship with POS. WFE was found to have a negative relationship with job demands and a positive relationship with POS. No significant relationships were found between WFE and both backlash dimensions. Conclusion. The study confirmed the importance of promoting a balance between job demands and resources in order to create favourable conditions for WFE and prevent WFC. Implications for Nursing Management. Findings suggest that it may be advisable for healthcare organizations to invest in measures at individual, team and organizational levels, specifically in training and counselling for nurses and supervisors.

Work–family conflict and enrichment in nurses: between job demands, perceived organisational support and work–family backlash

GHISLIERI, Chiara;GATTI, Paola;MOLINO, MONICA;CORTESE, Claudio Giovanni
2017-01-01

Abstract

Aim. This study investigated how work relationships (Perceived Organizational Support – POS –, supervisor and co-worker work-family backlash) and job demands (workload, emotional dissonance) can interact with Work-Family Conflict (WFC) and Work-Family Enrichment (WFE). Background. Despite the extensive literature on work-family interface, few studies on the nursing profession have considered the role of job demands and work relationships, focusing on both the positive and negative side of work-family interface. Method. The study involved a sample of 500 nurses working in an Italian hospital. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were used to test hypotheses. Results. Analyses showed that WFC has a positive relationship with job demands and supervisor backlash, and a negative relationship with POS. WFE was found to have a negative relationship with job demands and a positive relationship with POS. No significant relationships were found between WFE and both backlash dimensions. Conclusion. The study confirmed the importance of promoting a balance between job demands and resources in order to create favourable conditions for WFE and prevent WFC. Implications for Nursing Management. Findings suggest that it may be advisable for healthcare organizations to invest in measures at individual, team and organizational levels, specifically in training and counselling for nurses and supervisors.
2017
25
1
65
75
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jonm.12442/epdf
job demands, nurses, perceived organisational support, work–familybacklash, work–family conflict, work–family enrichment
Ghislieri, C.; Gatti, P.; Molino, M.; Cortese, C.G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1621086
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