Available bioassays for Strigolactone (SL) activity in planta are hardly quantitative, rather labour-intensive and time-consuming; conversely, bioassays on parasitic plants and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi may not reflect perfectly hormonal activity in planta. A truly quantitative, high-throughput bioassay for SL activity is therefore missing, yet needed to generate a homogeneous structure-activity relationship (SAR) dataset for SL-related molecules. As other plant hormones, SL act as interfacial molecules, promoting and stabilizing protein-protein interactions; in this case, between the ligand-binding moiety of the SL receptor complex (the α/β hydrolase D14) and the co-receptor moiety (the F-box MAX2). Such interaction promotes further binding between MAX2 and its target(s), leading to ubiquitination and degradation of the latter by the proteasome machinery. D14 itself is a target for proteasome-dependent destruction, which explains why fluorescence of D14::GFP fusion proteins quenches upon SL treatment in transgenic Arabidopsis. We exploited this molecular network to implement a quantitative activity assay, inversely correlating luminescence to perception of SL-related molecules in transgenic Arabidopsis expressing D14::LUC under the control of D14 endogenous promoter. The reporter lines have been tested in a concentration range of various functional and/or fluorescent derivatives of SL. Our initial results show that though indirect, the bioassay has an acceptable dynamic range, is relatively simple to execute, up-scalable and robust enough to be exploitable for SAR studies. In addition, being centered on the SL-D14 interaction event, it could lead to a more detailed understanding of the SL perception/signal transduction model.

HIGH-THROUGHPUT, QUANTITATIVE BIOASSAY FOR STRIGOLACTONE ACTIVITY IN PLANTA

VISENTIN, IVAN;ARTUSO, EMMA;LOMBARDI, CHIARA;PRANDI, Cristina;SCHUBERT, Andrea;CARDINALE, Francesca
2017

Abstract

Available bioassays for Strigolactone (SL) activity in planta are hardly quantitative, rather labour-intensive and time-consuming; conversely, bioassays on parasitic plants and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi may not reflect perfectly hormonal activity in planta. A truly quantitative, high-throughput bioassay for SL activity is therefore missing, yet needed to generate a homogeneous structure-activity relationship (SAR) dataset for SL-related molecules. As other plant hormones, SL act as interfacial molecules, promoting and stabilizing protein-protein interactions; in this case, between the ligand-binding moiety of the SL receptor complex (the α/β hydrolase D14) and the co-receptor moiety (the F-box MAX2). Such interaction promotes further binding between MAX2 and its target(s), leading to ubiquitination and degradation of the latter by the proteasome machinery. D14 itself is a target for proteasome-dependent destruction, which explains why fluorescence of D14::GFP fusion proteins quenches upon SL treatment in transgenic Arabidopsis. We exploited this molecular network to implement a quantitative activity assay, inversely correlating luminescence to perception of SL-related molecules in transgenic Arabidopsis expressing D14::LUC under the control of D14 endogenous promoter. The reporter lines have been tested in a concentration range of various functional and/or fluorescent derivatives of SL. Our initial results show that though indirect, the bioassay has an acceptable dynamic range, is relatively simple to execute, up-scalable and robust enough to be exploitable for SAR studies. In addition, being centered on the SL-D14 interaction event, it could lead to a more detailed understanding of the SL perception/signal transduction model.
2nd International Strigolactone Congress
Turin (Italy)
23-26 March 2017
2nd International Strigolactone Congress
2nd International Strigolactone Congress, scientific commitee
103
103
Wajeeha Saeed; Ivan Visentin; Emma Artuso; Chiara Lombardi; Cristina Prandi; Elena Sanchez; Pilar Cubas; Zahid Ali; Andrea Schubert; Francesca Cardinale
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1634626
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