When irradiated in paddy-field water, propanil (PRP) undergoes photodegradation by direct photolysis, by reactions with ·OH and CO3·-, and possibly also with the triplet states of chromophoric dissolved organic matter. Irradiation also inhibits the non-photochemical (probably biological) degradation of PRP. The dark and light-induced pathways can be easily distinguished because 3,4-dichloroaniline (34DCA, a transformation intermediate of considerable environmental concern) is produced with almost 100% yield in the dark but not at all through photochemical pathways. This issue allows an easy assessment of the dark process(es) under irradiation. In the natural environment we expect PRP photodegradation to be important only in the presence of elevated nitrate and/or nitrite levels, e.g., [NO3-] approaching 1 mmol L-1 (corresponding to approximately 60 mg L-1). Under these circumstances, ·OH and CO3·- would play a major role in PRP phototransformation. Because flooded paddy fields are efficient denitrification bioreactors that can achieve decontamination of nitrate-rich water used for irrigation, irrigation with such water would both enhance PRP photodegradation and divert PRP dissipation processes away from the production of 34DCA, at least in the daylight hours.

Phototransformation of the Herbicide Propanil in Paddy Field Water

CARENA, LUCA;MINELLA, Marco;BARSOTTI, FRANCESCO;MILAN, MARCO;FERRERO, Aldo;BERTO, Silvia;MINERO, Claudio;VIONE, Davide Vittorio
2017

Abstract

When irradiated in paddy-field water, propanil (PRP) undergoes photodegradation by direct photolysis, by reactions with ·OH and CO3·-, and possibly also with the triplet states of chromophoric dissolved organic matter. Irradiation also inhibits the non-photochemical (probably biological) degradation of PRP. The dark and light-induced pathways can be easily distinguished because 3,4-dichloroaniline (34DCA, a transformation intermediate of considerable environmental concern) is produced with almost 100% yield in the dark but not at all through photochemical pathways. This issue allows an easy assessment of the dark process(es) under irradiation. In the natural environment we expect PRP photodegradation to be important only in the presence of elevated nitrate and/or nitrite levels, e.g., [NO3-] approaching 1 mmol L-1 (corresponding to approximately 60 mg L-1). Under these circumstances, ·OH and CO3·- would play a major role in PRP phototransformation. Because flooded paddy fields are efficient denitrification bioreactors that can achieve decontamination of nitrate-rich water used for irrigation, irrigation with such water would both enhance PRP photodegradation and divert PRP dissipation processes away from the production of 34DCA, at least in the daylight hours.
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http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.est.6b05053
Carena, Luca; Minella, Marco; Barsotti, Francesco; Brigante, Marcello; Milan, Marco; Ferrero, Aldo; Berto, Silvia; Minero, Claudio; Vione, Davide
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1637862
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