Sexual dimorphism in DNA methylation levels is a recurrent epigenetic feature in different human cell types and has been implicated in predisposition to disease, such as psychiatric and autoimmune disorders. To elucidate the genetic origins of sex-specific DNA methylation, we examined DNA methylation levels in fibroblast cell lines and blood cells from individuals with different combinations of sex chromosome complements and sex phenotypes focusing on a single autosomal region--the differentially methylated region (DMR) in the promoter of the zona pellucida binding protein 2 (ZPBP2) as a reporter.

X chromosome dosage and presence of SRY shape sex-specific differences in DNA methylation at an autosomal region in human cells

Giorgio, Elisa;Brusco, Alfredo;Ferrero, Giovanni Battista;
2018

Abstract

Sexual dimorphism in DNA methylation levels is a recurrent epigenetic feature in different human cell types and has been implicated in predisposition to disease, such as psychiatric and autoimmune disorders. To elucidate the genetic origins of sex-specific DNA methylation, we examined DNA methylation levels in fibroblast cell lines and blood cells from individuals with different combinations of sex chromosome complements and sex phenotypes focusing on a single autosomal region--the differentially methylated region (DMR) in the promoter of the zona pellucida binding protein 2 (ZPBP2) as a reporter.
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https://bsd.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13293-018-0169-7
DNA methylation; Sex; X chromosome; Y chromosome
Ho, Bianca; Greenlaw, Keelin; Al Tuwaijri, Abeer; Moussette, Sanny; Martínez, Francisco; Giorgio, Elisa; Brusco, Alfredo; Ferrero, Giovanni Battista; Linhares, Natália D; Valadares, Eugênia R; Svartman, Marta; Kalscheuer, Vera M; Rodríguez Criado, Germán; Laprise, Catherine; Greenwood, Celia M T; Naumova, Anna K
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1660631
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