The complete removal of biorecalcitrant xenobiotics, including most notably the pharmaceutical pollutants, by Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs) is often difficult to be reached in urban or industrial wastewater because of the high concentration of organic and inorganic scavengers that compete with the xenobiotics for the oxidising species. This work investigates a coupled treatment train in which wastewater effluents are pre-treated with a negatively charged loose nanofiltration (NF) membrane (HydraCoRe70, made up of sulphonated polyethersulphone) to enhance xenobiotics removal with the thermal Fenton process. Carbamazepine (CBZ), a drug prescribed mainly for epilepsy treatment, is here used as model xenobiotic. After optimising the conditions for separation and degradation, the NF-Fenton approach was applied to both synthetic wastewater and real samples to assess the overall efficiency of CBZ removal. The Fenton degradation of CBZ was drastically enhanced in nanofiltered samples, thanks to the removal by the membrane of nearly all organic matter that would otherwise consume the reactive oxidising species (e.g., the hydroxyl radical). Based on a preliminary treatment costs analysis, it can be concluded that the combined process is potentially applicable to the treatment of several kinds of wastewaters (e.g., industrial ones) to favour the removal of biorecalcitrant contaminants. Key cost savings of NF-Fenton concern the lower amounts of Fenton reagents needed to degrade CBZ and (even more importantly) the decreased levels of acids and bases for pH adjustment before and after the oxidative process, due to the lower buffer capacity of the NF permeate compared to feed wastewater, after the removal by NF of many inorganic ions and most organic carbon.

Coupling of nanofiltration and thermal Fenton reaction for the abatement of carbamazepine in wastewater

Marco Minella;Claudio Minero;Davide Vione
2018

Abstract

The complete removal of biorecalcitrant xenobiotics, including most notably the pharmaceutical pollutants, by Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs) is often difficult to be reached in urban or industrial wastewater because of the high concentration of organic and inorganic scavengers that compete with the xenobiotics for the oxidising species. This work investigates a coupled treatment train in which wastewater effluents are pre-treated with a negatively charged loose nanofiltration (NF) membrane (HydraCoRe70, made up of sulphonated polyethersulphone) to enhance xenobiotics removal with the thermal Fenton process. Carbamazepine (CBZ), a drug prescribed mainly for epilepsy treatment, is here used as model xenobiotic. After optimising the conditions for separation and degradation, the NF-Fenton approach was applied to both synthetic wastewater and real samples to assess the overall efficiency of CBZ removal. The Fenton degradation of CBZ was drastically enhanced in nanofiltered samples, thanks to the removal by the membrane of nearly all organic matter that would otherwise consume the reactive oxidising species (e.g., the hydroxyl radical). Based on a preliminary treatment costs analysis, it can be concluded that the combined process is potentially applicable to the treatment of several kinds of wastewaters (e.g., industrial ones) to favour the removal of biorecalcitrant contaminants. Key cost savings of NF-Fenton concern the lower amounts of Fenton reagents needed to degrade CBZ and (even more importantly) the decreased levels of acids and bases for pH adjustment before and after the oxidative process, due to the lower buffer capacity of the NF permeate compared to feed wastewater, after the removal by NF of many inorganic ions and most organic carbon.
XVII CONGRESSO NAZIONALE DI CHIMICA DELL’AMBIENTE E DEI BENI CULTURALI
Genova
25-27 giugno 2018
Book of abstracts
Divisione di Chimica dell'Ambiente e dei Beni Culturali
44
45
Carbamazepine; Nano-filtration; Membranes; Advanced Oxidation Processes; Fenton Reaction; Contaminants of Emerging Concern.
Marco Minella, Nicola De Bellis, Claudio Minero, Andrea Gallo, Alberto Tiraferri, Davide Vione
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1670084
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