The study explores the complex volatile fraction of extra-virgin olive oil by combining high concentration-capacity headspace approaches with comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography, which is coupled with time of flight mass spectrometry. The static headspace techniques in this study are: (a) Solid-phase microextraction, with multi-polymer coating (SPME- Divinylbenzene/Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane), which is taken as the reference technique; (b) headspace sorptive extraction (HSSE) with either a single-material coating (polydimethylsiloxane—PDMS) or a dual-phase coating that combines PDMS/Carbopack and PDMS/EG (ethyleneglycol); (c) monolithic material sorptive extraction (MMSE), using octa-decyl silica combined with graphite carbon (ODS/CB); and dynamic headspace (d) with either PDMS foam, operating in partition mode, or Tenax TA™, operating in adsorption mode. The coverage of both targeted and untargeted 2D-peak-region features, which corresponds to detectable analytes, was examined, while concentration factors (CF) for a selection of informative analytes, including key-odorants and off-odors, and homolog-series relative ratios were calculated and the information capacity was discussed. The results highlighted the differences in concentration capacities, which were mainly caused by polymer-accumulation characteristics (sorptive/adsorptive materials) and its amount. The relative concentration capacity for homologues and potent odorants was also discussed, while headspace linearity and the relative distribution of analytes, as a function of different sampling amounts, was examined. This last point is of particular interest in quantitative studies where accurate data is needed to derive consistent conclusions.

Highly Informative Fingerprinting of Extra-Virgin Olive Oil Volatiles: The Role of High Concentration-Capacity Sampling in Combination with Comprehensive Two-Dimensional Gas Chromatography

Federico Stilo
First
;
Chiara Cordero
;
Barbara Sgorbini;Carlo Bicchi;Erica Liberto
Last
2019

Abstract

The study explores the complex volatile fraction of extra-virgin olive oil by combining high concentration-capacity headspace approaches with comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography, which is coupled with time of flight mass spectrometry. The static headspace techniques in this study are: (a) Solid-phase microextraction, with multi-polymer coating (SPME- Divinylbenzene/Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane), which is taken as the reference technique; (b) headspace sorptive extraction (HSSE) with either a single-material coating (polydimethylsiloxane—PDMS) or a dual-phase coating that combines PDMS/Carbopack and PDMS/EG (ethyleneglycol); (c) monolithic material sorptive extraction (MMSE), using octa-decyl silica combined with graphite carbon (ODS/CB); and dynamic headspace (d) with either PDMS foam, operating in partition mode, or Tenax TA™, operating in adsorption mode. The coverage of both targeted and untargeted 2D-peak-region features, which corresponds to detectable analytes, was examined, while concentration factors (CF) for a selection of informative analytes, including key-odorants and off-odors, and homolog-series relative ratios were calculated and the information capacity was discussed. The results highlighted the differences in concentration capacities, which were mainly caused by polymer-accumulation characteristics (sorptive/adsorptive materials) and its amount. The relative concentration capacity for homologues and potent odorants was also discussed, while headspace linearity and the relative distribution of analytes, as a function of different sampling amounts, was examined. This last point is of particular interest in quantitative studies where accurate data is needed to derive consistent conclusions.
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https://www.mdpi.com/2297-8739/6/3/34/htm
comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-time of flight mass spectrometry, extra virgin olive oil, high concentration-capacity sampling, headspace solid-phase microextraction, dynamic headspace
Federico Stilo, Chiara Cordero , Barbara Sgorbini , Carlo Bicchi, Erica Liberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1706341
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