Insect meals are good candidates to replace fishmeal as new protein sources in aquafeeds. This study evaluated the eects of fishmeal replacement with different dietary inclusion levels of a partially defatted Tenebrio molitor (L.) larva meal (TM) on rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum) growth, diet digestibility, and hepatic intermediary metabolism. A 154-day growth trial was performed with 252 rainbow trout (78.3 +/- 6.24 g) randomly divided into twelve tanks and fed four experimental diets containing increasing levels of TM: 0% (TM0), 25% (TM25), 50% (TM50), and 100% (TM100) of fishmeal substitution, corresponding to TM dietary inclusion levels of 0%, 5%, 10%, and 20%, respectively. A digestibility trial was performed feeding 180 rainbow trout (94.6 +/- 7.31 g) with the experimental diets used in the growth trial. The growth parameters were not affected by TM dietary inclusion. Regarding the evaluated apparent digestibility coeffcients (ADC), only the ADC of crude protein was aected, showing the following trend: TM0 = TM25 > TM50 > TM100. The activities of key hepatic amino acid catabolic and lipogenic enzymes were not affected by the dietary composition. The results suggest that a partially defatted TM could totally replace fishmeal in commercial rainbow trout diets without negative effects on fish performance.

Partially Defatted Tenebrio molitor Larva Meal in Diets for Grow-Out Rainbow Trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum): Effects on Growth Performance, Diet Digestibility and Metabolic Responses

Chemello, Giulia;Renna, Manuela;Caimi, Christian;Biasato, Ilaria;Schiavone, Achille;Gai, Francesco;Gasco, Laura
2020

Abstract

Insect meals are good candidates to replace fishmeal as new protein sources in aquafeeds. This study evaluated the eects of fishmeal replacement with different dietary inclusion levels of a partially defatted Tenebrio molitor (L.) larva meal (TM) on rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum) growth, diet digestibility, and hepatic intermediary metabolism. A 154-day growth trial was performed with 252 rainbow trout (78.3 +/- 6.24 g) randomly divided into twelve tanks and fed four experimental diets containing increasing levels of TM: 0% (TM0), 25% (TM25), 50% (TM50), and 100% (TM100) of fishmeal substitution, corresponding to TM dietary inclusion levels of 0%, 5%, 10%, and 20%, respectively. A digestibility trial was performed feeding 180 rainbow trout (94.6 +/- 7.31 g) with the experimental diets used in the growth trial. The growth parameters were not affected by TM dietary inclusion. Regarding the evaluated apparent digestibility coeffcients (ADC), only the ADC of crude protein was aected, showing the following trend: TM0 = TM25 > TM50 > TM100. The activities of key hepatic amino acid catabolic and lipogenic enzymes were not affected by the dietary composition. The results suggest that a partially defatted TM could totally replace fishmeal in commercial rainbow trout diets without negative effects on fish performance.
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https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/10/2/229/pdf
defatted insect meal, yellow mealworm, carnivorous fish, productive traits, apparent digestibility coefficient, hepatic enzyme
Chemello, Giulia; Renna, Manuela; Caimi, Christian; Guerreiro, Inês; Oliva-Teles, Aires; Enes, Paula; Biasato, Ilaria; Schiavone, Achille; Gai, Francesco; Gasco, Laura
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1726253
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