Blot and colleagues have proposed putative invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (PIPA) definitions for troublesome diagnosis in suspected patients outside the classical criteria of immunosuppression. We retrospectively included in the study all admitted patients with an Aspergillus spp. positive culture within lower airway samples. Overall, Aspergillus spp. positivity in respiratory samples was 0.97 every 1000 hospital admissions (HA): 4.94 and 0.28/1000/HA, respectively, in intensive care units (ICUs) and medical wards (MW). 66.6% fulfilled PIPA criteria, and 33.4% were defined as colonized. 69.2% of PIPA diagnosis occurred in the ICU. Antifungal therapy was appropriate in 88.5% of subjects with PIPA and 37.5% of colonized, confirming the comparison between deads and lives. Patients with PIPA in the ICUs had more frequent COPD, sepsis or septic shock, acute kidney injury (AKI), needed more surgery, mechanical ventilation (MV), vasopressors, hemodialysis, blood or platelets transfusions. PIPA in MW had associated with a history of smoking, interstitial lung disease and inhaled steroid therapy. Overall mortality within 21 days was 50%: 54.2% in ICU, 36,8% in MW. Factors associated with death were length of hospitalization, influenza, pneumonia, liver transplant, AKI, ARDS, sepsis and septic shock. PIPA in the ICU had higher disease severity and needed more organ support than MW cases, despite that cases of PIPA in MW are emerging with trends difficult to demonstrate given the problematic diagnosis.

Putative invasive pulmonary aspergillosis within medical wards and intensive care units: a 4-year retrospective, observational, single-centre study

Corcione S.;Lupia T.;Raviolo S.;Montrucchio G.;Trentalange A.;Curtoni A.;Cavallo R.;De Rosa F. G.
2021

Abstract

Blot and colleagues have proposed putative invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (PIPA) definitions for troublesome diagnosis in suspected patients outside the classical criteria of immunosuppression. We retrospectively included in the study all admitted patients with an Aspergillus spp. positive culture within lower airway samples. Overall, Aspergillus spp. positivity in respiratory samples was 0.97 every 1000 hospital admissions (HA): 4.94 and 0.28/1000/HA, respectively, in intensive care units (ICUs) and medical wards (MW). 66.6% fulfilled PIPA criteria, and 33.4% were defined as colonized. 69.2% of PIPA diagnosis occurred in the ICU. Antifungal therapy was appropriate in 88.5% of subjects with PIPA and 37.5% of colonized, confirming the comparison between deads and lives. Patients with PIPA in the ICUs had more frequent COPD, sepsis or septic shock, acute kidney injury (AKI), needed more surgery, mechanical ventilation (MV), vasopressors, hemodialysis, blood or platelets transfusions. PIPA in MW had associated with a history of smoking, interstitial lung disease and inhaled steroid therapy. Overall mortality within 21 days was 50%: 54.2% in ICU, 36,8% in MW. Factors associated with death were length of hospitalization, influenza, pneumonia, liver transplant, AKI, ARDS, sepsis and septic shock. PIPA in the ICU had higher disease severity and needed more organ support than MW cases, despite that cases of PIPA in MW are emerging with trends difficult to demonstrate given the problematic diagnosis.
1
9
Aspergillosis; Fungi; Medical wards; Pneumonia; Putative
Corcione S.; Lupia T.; Raviolo S.; Montrucchio G.; Trentalange A.; Curtoni A.; Cavallo R.; De Rosa F.G.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Corcione2021_Article_PutativeInvasivePulmonaryAsper.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: articolo principale
Tipo di file: PDF EDITORIALE
Dimensione 665.31 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
665.31 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1785547
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 6
  • Scopus 6
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 6
social impact