This study assessed the periodontal conditions of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) patients attending an Outpatient Center in North Italy and explored the associations between metabolic control and periodontitis. Periodontal health of 104 T2DM patients (61 men and 43 women, mean age of 65.3 +/- 10.1 years) was assessed according to CDC/AAP periodontitis case definitions and Periodontal Inflamed Surface Area (PISA) Index. Data on sociodemographic factors, lifestyle behaviors, laboratory tests, and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels were collected by interview and medical records. Poor glycemic control (HbA1c >= 7%), family history of T2DM, and C-reactive protein levels were predictors of severe periodontitis. An increase in HbA1c of 1% was associated with a rise in PISA of 89.6 mm(2). On the other hand, predictors of poor glycemic control were severe periodontitis, waist circumference, unbalanced diet, and sedentary lifestyle. A rise in PISA of 10 mm(2) increased the odds of having HbA1c >= 7% by 2%. There is a strong bidirectional connection between periodontitis and poor glycemic control. The inflammatory burden posed by periodontitis represents the strongest predictor of poor glycemic control.

Bidirectional Association between Metabolic Control in Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus and Periodontitis Inflammatory Burden: A Cross-Sectional Study in an Italian Population

Romano, Federica
First
;
Mengozzi, Giulio;Baima, Giacomo;Citterio, Filippo;Berta, Giovanni Nicolao
;
Durazzo, Marilena;Gruden, Gabriella;Aimetti, Mario
Last
2021

Abstract

This study assessed the periodontal conditions of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) patients attending an Outpatient Center in North Italy and explored the associations between metabolic control and periodontitis. Periodontal health of 104 T2DM patients (61 men and 43 women, mean age of 65.3 +/- 10.1 years) was assessed according to CDC/AAP periodontitis case definitions and Periodontal Inflamed Surface Area (PISA) Index. Data on sociodemographic factors, lifestyle behaviors, laboratory tests, and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels were collected by interview and medical records. Poor glycemic control (HbA1c >= 7%), family history of T2DM, and C-reactive protein levels were predictors of severe periodontitis. An increase in HbA1c of 1% was associated with a rise in PISA of 89.6 mm(2). On the other hand, predictors of poor glycemic control were severe periodontitis, waist circumference, unbalanced diet, and sedentary lifestyle. A rise in PISA of 10 mm(2) increased the odds of having HbA1c >= 7% by 2%. There is a strong bidirectional connection between periodontitis and poor glycemic control. The inflammatory burden posed by periodontitis represents the strongest predictor of poor glycemic control.
10
1787
1
14
https://www.mdpi.com/2077-0383/10/8/1787
glycated hemoglobin; inflammation; periodontal inflamed surface area (PISA); periodontitis; type-2 diabetes mellitus
Romano, Federica; Perotto, Stefano; Mohamed, Sara Elamin Osman; Bernardi, Sara; Giraudi, Marta; Caropreso, Paola; Mengozzi, Giulio; Baima, Giacomo; Citterio, Filippo; Berta, Giovanni Nicolao; Durazzo, Marilena; Gruden, Gabriella; Aimetti, Mario
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1795122
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