The global onset of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) virus infections happened suddenly, hence imposing a rapid definition of effective therapeutic approaches. Antibiotics were included among the prophylactic agents because of both the similarity between SARS-CoV-2 and atypical pneumonia symptoms, and the immune-modulating and anti-inflammatory properties of such drugs. Although, this approach could exacerbate the emergence of antimicrobial resistance. To evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the spread and characteristics of bacterial infections, as well as on the frequency of antimicrobial resistance, we investigated and compared clinical bacterial strains isolated in an Italian hospital from COVID-19 patients and non-COVID-19 patients during and before the COVID-19 outbreak. Data clearly indicate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on bacterial infections: not only some bacterial species were found in either COVID-19 positive or in COVID-19 negative patients, but isolates from COVID-19 patients also showed higher levels of antimicrobial resistance. Nevertheless, despite some bacterial species were isolated only before or over the pandemic, no differences were observed among the antimicrobial resistance levels. Overall, these results recapitulate the current situation of microbial infections and could also provide an overview of the impact of COVID-19 on bacterial pathogens spread and resistance.

Profile of Bacterial Infections in COVID-19 Patients: Antimicrobial Resistance in the Time of SARS-CoV-2

Stefanini, Irene
First
;
Foddai, Elisa;Cordani, Elisa;Mognetti, Barbara
Last
2021

Abstract

The global onset of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) virus infections happened suddenly, hence imposing a rapid definition of effective therapeutic approaches. Antibiotics were included among the prophylactic agents because of both the similarity between SARS-CoV-2 and atypical pneumonia symptoms, and the immune-modulating and anti-inflammatory properties of such drugs. Although, this approach could exacerbate the emergence of antimicrobial resistance. To evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the spread and characteristics of bacterial infections, as well as on the frequency of antimicrobial resistance, we investigated and compared clinical bacterial strains isolated in an Italian hospital from COVID-19 patients and non-COVID-19 patients during and before the COVID-19 outbreak. Data clearly indicate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on bacterial infections: not only some bacterial species were found in either COVID-19 positive or in COVID-19 negative patients, but isolates from COVID-19 patients also showed higher levels of antimicrobial resistance. Nevertheless, despite some bacterial species were isolated only before or over the pandemic, no differences were observed among the antimicrobial resistance levels. Overall, these results recapitulate the current situation of microbial infections and could also provide an overview of the impact of COVID-19 on bacterial pathogens spread and resistance.
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9
822
838
https://www.mdpi.com/2079-7737/10/9/822
bacterial infections; AMR; SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19
Stefanini, Irene; De Renzi, Giuseppe; Foddai, Elisa; Cordani, Elisa; Mognetti, Barbara
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1797921
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