Archaeological excavations in the ancient port of Adulis (in present-day Eritrea) yielded a large corpus of amphorae, that most specialists would call Ayla-Aksum. Presently only scarce archaeometric information on the Ayla-Aksum pottery complex at Adulis is available. Within this frame, the current work considers amphorae samples recovered from the on-going excavations at Adulis . The Ayla-Aksum amphorae are studied in comparison with local pottery, Late Roman Amphorae 1, torpedo jars, dolia samples and red-slipped ware. Moreover, Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy has been exploited to investigate organic residues found in the samples belonging to the torpedo jars. Complementary analytical techniques (XRD, SEM-EDS and ICP-OES) are further envisaged in the future to corroborate the petrographic information. The overall investigation aims to shedding light on the extent of the diffusion of the Ayla-Aksum amphorae over the Red Sea World by the 1st millennium CE. Similarly, the work intends to systematically help in building the ceramic sequence at Adulis.

COMPREHENSIVE APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF AYLA-AKSUM AMPHORAE FROM THE RED SEA COAST OF ERITREA

Abraham Zerai
;
Patrizia Davit;Monica Gulmini;Roberto Giustetto;Alessandro Re;Alessandro Lo Giudice
2021

Abstract

Archaeological excavations in the ancient port of Adulis (in present-day Eritrea) yielded a large corpus of amphorae, that most specialists would call Ayla-Aksum. Presently only scarce archaeometric information on the Ayla-Aksum pottery complex at Adulis is available. Within this frame, the current work considers amphorae samples recovered from the on-going excavations at Adulis . The Ayla-Aksum amphorae are studied in comparison with local pottery, Late Roman Amphorae 1, torpedo jars, dolia samples and red-slipped ware. Moreover, Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy has been exploited to investigate organic residues found in the samples belonging to the torpedo jars. Complementary analytical techniques (XRD, SEM-EDS and ICP-OES) are further envisaged in the future to corroborate the petrographic information. The overall investigation aims to shedding light on the extent of the diffusion of the Ayla-Aksum amphorae over the Red Sea World by the 1st millennium CE. Similarly, the work intends to systematically help in building the ceramic sequence at Adulis.
XI National AIAr Congress
Naples, Italy
28-30 July 2021
AIAr poster contributions
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1
Abraham Zerai, Lara Maritan, Patrizia Davit, Monica Gulmini, Roberto Giustetto, Serena Massa, Chiara Mandelli, Anna Piccirillo, Fulvio Fantino, Alessandro Re, Alessandro Lo Giudice
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1823548
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