Poultry biodiversity represents a key factor to improve poultry resilience and promote sustainable and low input farming systems. The EU and member states promote protection of livestock biodiversity and the development of alternative farming through funding projects such as “Local Chicken Breeds in Alternative Production Chain: Welfare, Quality and Sustainability” (funded by the Italian Ministry of Research and University). The aim of the present research was to identify among five different poultry genotypes Bionda Piemontese (BP), Robusta Maculata (RM), RM x Sasso (RMxS), BP x Sasso (BPxS) and a commercial hybrid (Ross 308) the best suitable breed in terms of productivity and welfare for alternative housing system. A total of 300 (60 x genotype), 21 days old male birds were randomly allotted in two housing systems: 1) standard intensive farming (controlled environment, 33 kg/m² and standard diet) and 2) free-range (“natural” environmental conditions, 21 kg/m², access to outdoor area and low-input diet). Slaughtering was performed at 81 days of age. During the trial, the productive performance and behaviour of the animals were evaluated. The housing system, the genotype and their interaction significantly affected many of the studied variables, showing broiler not the ideal genotype for extensive farming system, which is more suited for low/medium performance strains.

Poultry biodiversity for alternative farming systems development

Fiorilla, Edoardo
First
;
Soglia, Dominga;Macchi, Elisabetta;Mioletti, Silvia;Miniscalco, Barbara;Sartore, Stefano;Nurisso, Stefano;Tarantola, Martina;Sacchi, Paola;Schiavone, Achille;Mugnai, Cecilia
Last
2022-01-01

Abstract

Poultry biodiversity represents a key factor to improve poultry resilience and promote sustainable and low input farming systems. The EU and member states promote protection of livestock biodiversity and the development of alternative farming through funding projects such as “Local Chicken Breeds in Alternative Production Chain: Welfare, Quality and Sustainability” (funded by the Italian Ministry of Research and University). The aim of the present research was to identify among five different poultry genotypes Bionda Piemontese (BP), Robusta Maculata (RM), RM x Sasso (RMxS), BP x Sasso (BPxS) and a commercial hybrid (Ross 308) the best suitable breed in terms of productivity and welfare for alternative housing system. A total of 300 (60 x genotype), 21 days old male birds were randomly allotted in two housing systems: 1) standard intensive farming (controlled environment, 33 kg/m² and standard diet) and 2) free-range (“natural” environmental conditions, 21 kg/m², access to outdoor area and low-input diet). Slaughtering was performed at 81 days of age. During the trial, the productive performance and behaviour of the animals were evaluated. The housing system, the genotype and their interaction significantly affected many of the studied variables, showing broiler not the ideal genotype for extensive farming system, which is more suited for low/medium performance strains.
2022
The 2nd International Conference on Environmentally Sustainable Animal Industry (The 2nd ICESAI 2021)
Malang, Indonesia
October 12, 2021
E3S Web of Conferences 335
E. Widodo, A. Jayanegara, Suyadi, V. M. A. Nurgiartiningsih, G. Ciptadi, M. H. Natsir, S. Wahjuningsih, O. Sjofjan, Marjuki
335
00004
1
13
https://www.e3s-conferences.org/articles/e3sconf/abs/2022/02/e3sconf_icesai2021_00004/e3sconf_icesai2021_00004.html
Poultry biodiversity, performance and welfare, alternative housing system
Fiorilla, Edoardo; Cartoni Mancinelli, Alice; Birolo, Marco; Castellini, Cesare; Soglia, Dominga; Macchi, Elisabetta; Mioletti, Silvia; Miniscalco, Ba...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1833097
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